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Body painting – Wikipedia03.19.18

Body painting, or sometimes bodypainting, is a form of body art. Unlike tattoo and other forms of body art, body painting is temporary, painted onto the human skin, and can last several hours or many weeks (in the case of mehndi or “henna tattoos”) about two weeks. Body painting that is limited to the face is known as face painting. Body painting is also referred to as (a form of) “temporary tattoo”; large scale or full-body painting is more commonly referred to as body painting, while smaller or more detailed work can sometimes be referred to as temporary tattoos.

Body painting with clay and other natural pigments existed in most, if not all, tribalist cultures. Often worn during ceremonies, it still survives in this ancient form among the indigenous people of Australia, New Zealand, the Pacific islands and parts of Africa. A semi-permanent form of body painting known as Mehndi, using dyes made of henna leaves (hence also known rather erroneously as “henna tattoo”), is practiced in India, especially on brides. Since the late 1990s, Mehndi has become popular amongst young women in the Western world.

Many indigenous peoples of Central and South America paint Jagua Tattoos, or designs with Genipa americana juice on their bodies. Indigenous peoples of South America traditionally use annatto, huito, or wet charcoal to decorate their faces and bodies. Huito is semi-permanent, and it generally takes weeks for this black dye to fade.[1]

Body painting is not always large pieces on fully nude bodies, but can involve smaller pieces on displayed areas of otherwise clothed bodies. There has been a revival of body painting in Western society since the 1960s, in part prompted by the liberalization of social mores regarding nudity and often comes in sensationalist or exhibitionist forms.[2] Even today there is a constant debate about the legitimacy of body painting as an art form. The current modern revival could be said to date back to the 1933 World’s Fair in Chicago when Max Factor, Sr. and his model Sally Rand were arrested for causing a public disturbance when he body-painted her with his new make-up formulated for Hollywood films.[3] Body art today evolves to the works more directed towards personal mythologies, as Jana Sterbak, Rebecca Horn, Youri Messen-Jaschin, Jacob Alexander Figueroa or Javier Perez.

Body painting is sometimes used as a method of gaining attention in political protests, for instance those by PETA against Burberry.

Body painting led to a minor alternative art movement in the 1950s and 1960s, which involved covering a model in paint and then having the model touch or roll on a canvas or other medium to transfer the paint. French artist Yves Klein is perhaps the most famous for this, with his series of paintings “Anthropometries”. The effect produced by this technique creates an image-transfer from the model’s body to the medium. This includes all the curves of the model’s body (typically female) being reflected in the outline of the image. This technique was not necessarily monotone; multiple colors on different body parts sometimes produced interesting effects.

Joanne Gair is a body paint artist whose work appeared for the tenth consecutive year in the 2008 Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue. She burst into prominence with an August 1992 Vanity Fair Demi’s Birthday Suit cover of Demi Moore.[4][5] Her Disappearing Model was part of an episode of Ripley’s Believe It or Not!.[6]

Body painting festivals happen annually across the world, bringing together professional body painters and keen amateurs. Body painting can also be seen at some football matches, at rave parties, and at certain festivals. The World Bodypainting Festival is a week-long festival which originated in 1998 and which has been held in Klagenfurt, Austria since 2017. Participants attend from over fifty countries and the event has more than 20,000 visitors.

Body painting festivals that take place in North America include the North American Body Painting Championship, Face and Body Art International Convention in Orlando, Florida, Bodygras Body Painting Competition in Nanaimo, BC and the Face Painting and Body Art Convention in Las Vegas, Nevada.

Australia also has a number of body painting festivals, most notably the annual Australian Body Art Festival in Eumundi, Queensland[7] and the Australian Body Art Awards.[8]

In Italy, the Rabarama Skin Art Festival (held every year during the Summer and Autumn, with a tour in the major Italian cities), is a different event focused on the artistic side of body painting, highlighting the emotional impact of the painted body in a live performance[9] more than the decorative and technical aspects of it. This particular form of creative art is known as “Skin Art”.[10]

The 1960s supermodel Veruschka is a much appreciated muse for bodypaint artists. Images of her in the book Transfigurations by photographer Holger Trulzsch have frequently been emulated. Other well-known works include Serge Diakonoff’s books A Fleur de Peau and Diakonoff and Joanne Gair’s Paint a licious. More recently Dutch art photographer Karl Hammer has taken center stage with his combinations of body painting and narrative art (fantastic realism)

Following the already established trend in Western-Europe, body painting has become more widely accepted in the United States since the early 1990s. In 2006 the first gallery dedicated exclusively to fine art body painting was opened in New Orleans by World Bodypainting Festival Champion and Judge, Craig Tracy. The Painted Alive Gallery is on Royal Street in the French Quarter. In 2009, a popular late night talk show Last Call with Carson Daly on NBC network, featured a New York-based artist Danny Setiawan who creates reproductions of masterpieces by famous artists such as Salvador Dal, Vincent van Gogh, and Gustav Klimt on human bodies aiming to make fine art appealing for his contemporaries who normally would not consider themselves as art enthusiasts.

Since 2005 the Australian visual artist Emma Hack has been creating photographs of painted naked human bodies that visually merge with a patterned background wall inspired by the wallpaper designs of Florence Broadhurst. Hack is best known for the Gotye music video for the song Somebody That I Used to Know, which uses stop-motion animation body painting and has received over 800 million views on YouTube.[11] Hack now creates her own canvas backgrounds and her work is often featured with live birds, representing nature. Hack’s artworks are exhibited worldwide.

Los Angeles artist, Paul Roustan, is known for his work in body painting and photography which spans both the fine art and commercial worlds. His body painting has garnered numerous awards, including winner of the North American Body Paint Championships.[13]

Many artists work professionally as body painters for television commercials, such as the Natrel Plus campaign featuring models camouflaged as trees. Stills advertising also used body painting with hundreds of body painting looks on the pages of the world’s magazines every year. Body painters also work frequently in the film arena especially in science fiction with an increasing number of elaborate alien creations being body painted.

Syl Verberk (nicknamed ‘syllie faces’) is a commercial body paint artist who, as a two-time European champion and winner of various prizes, is frequently consulted by major companies and theme parks for their advertisements and designs. Other celebrated commercial artists are Guido Daniele, Jean-Paul Bourdier and the Australian company “Human Statue Bodyart”.

The Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issue, published annually, has frequently featured a section of models that were body painted, attired in renditions of swimsuits or sports jerseys. Also Playboy magazine has frequently made use of body painted models. In the 2005 Playmates at Play at the Playboy Mansion calendar, all Playmates appeared in the calendar wearing bikinis, but Playmates Karen McDougal and Hiromi Oshima actually appeared in painted-on bikinis for their respective months.

The success of body painting has led to many notable international competitions and a specific trade magazine (Illusion Magazine [14]) for this industry, showcasing work around the world.

Face painting is the artistic application of cosmetic “paint” to a person’s face. There are special water-based cosmetic “paints” made for face painting; people should ask before having face paints applied what products are being used. Acrylic and tempera craft paints are not meant for use on skin and are not acceptable, nor are watercolor pencils or markers. Products not intended for use on skin can cause a variety of issues ranging from discomfort to severe allergic reactions.[15] Just because the product is marked “non-toxic” does not mean it is meant to be used on the skin.

From ancient times, it has been used for hunting, religious reasons, and military reasons (such as camouflage and to indicate membership in a military unit). Recent archaeological research shows that Neanderthals had the capability and tools for face painting; although they are no longer considered a direct ancestor of homo sapiens, they lived alongside them in some areas and it is a reasonable assumption that humanity has painted faces and bodies since the very beginning.

In some forms of folk dance, such as Border Morris, the faces of the dancers are painted with a black pigment in a tradition that goes back to the Middle Ages. In the 18th century cosmetic face painting became popular with men and women of the aristocracy and the nouveau riche,[16] but it died out in Western culture after the fall of the French aristocracy. During the 19th century blackface theatrical makeup gained popularity when it was used by non-black performers to represent black people, typically in a minstrel show.[17] Its use ended in the United States with the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s[18] at about the same time that face painting re-entered the popular culture as part of the hippie movement of the late 1960s, when it was common for young women to decorate their cheeks with flowers or peace symbols at anti-war demonstrations.

Actors and clowns around the world have painted their facesand sometimes bodiesfor centuries, and continue to do so today. More subdued form of face paints for everyday occasions evolved into the cosmetics we know today.

For several decades it has been a common entertainment at county fairs, large open-air markets (especially in Europe and the Americas), and other locations that attract children and adolescents. Face painting is very popular among children at theme parks, parties and festivals throughout the Western world. Though the majority of face painting is geared towards children, many teenagers and adults enjoy being painted for special events, such as sports events (to give support to their team or country) or charity fund raisers. Face painting is also a part of cosplay practice, and is enjoyed yearly by people who dress up as zombies to dance with the annual worldwide “Thrill the World” event on the Saturday before Halloween.

It is common to find if someone is dressed in an animal costume, a black nose will be added alone to give the impression of an animal face and not just body. Sometimes, a full face is added or sometimes none at all.

Most theme parks have booths scattered around where a person can have a design painted on their face. A similar activity is the application of “instant tattoos”, which are paint or ink-based designs that are put on as one unit and removed by means of water, alcohol, soap, or another mild solvent. More elaborate temporary tattoos may be made using stencils and airbrush equipment.

It is common in armies all over the world for soldiers in combat to paint their faces and other exposed body parts (hands, for example) in natural colors such as green, tan, and loam for camouflage purposes. In various South American armies, it is a tradition to use face paint on parade in respect to the indigenous tribes.[19]

As well as paint, temporary tattoos can be used to decorate the body. “Glitter tattoos” are made by applying a clear, cosmetic-grade glue (either freehand or through a stencil) on the skin and then coating it with cosmetic-grade glitter. They can last up to a week depending on the model’s body chemistry.

Foil metallic temporary tattoos are a variation of decal-style temporary tattoos, printed using foil stamping technique instead of ink. On the front side, the foil design is printed as a mirror image in order to be viewed in the right direction once it is applied to the skin. Each metallic tattoo is protected by a transparent protective film.

Modern water-based face and body paints are made according to stringent guidelines, meaning these are non-toxic, usually non-allergenic, and can easily be washed away. Temporary staining may develop after use, but it will fade after normal washing. These are either applied with hands, paint brush, and synthetic sponges or natural sea sponge, or alternatively with an airbrush.

Contrary to the popular myth perpetuated by the James Bond film Goldfinger, a person is not asphyxiated if their whole body is painted.[20]

Liquid latex may also be used as body paint. Aside the risk of contact allergy, wearing latex for a prolonged period may cause heat stroke by inhibiting perspiration and care should be taken to avoid the painful removal of hair when the latex is pulled off.

The same precautions that apply to cosmetics should be observed. If the skin shows any sign of allergy from a paint, its use should immediately be ceased. Moreover, it should not be applied to damaged, inflamed or sensitive skin. If possible, a test for allergic reaction should be performed before use. Special care should be paid to the list of ingredients, as certain dyes are not approved by the US FDA for use around the eye areagenerally those associated with certain reddish colorants, as CI 15850 or CI 15985or on lips, generally blue, purple or some greens containing CI 77007.[21][22] More stringent regulations are in place in California regarding the amount of permissible lead on cosmetic additives, as part of Proposition 65.[23] In the European Union, all colorants listed under a CI number are allowed for use on all areas. Any paints or products which have not been formulated for use on the body should never be used for body or face painting, as these can result in serious allergic reactions.

As for Mehndi, natural brown henna dyes are safe to use when mixed with ingredients such as lemon juice. However, a commonly marketed product called “black henna”, is not safe to use because the product has been made by mixing natural henna with synthetic black dyes containing PPD, which can cause serious skin allergies, and should be avoided due to the substantial risk of serious injury.[24] Another option is Jagua, a dark indigo plant-based dye that is safe to use on the skin and is approved for cosmetic use in the EU.

Hands and faces can be marbled temporarily for events such as festivals, using a painting process similar to traditional paper marbling, in which paint is floated on water and transferred to a person’s skin. Unlike the traditional oil-based technique for paper, neon or ultraviolet reactive colours are typically used, and the paint is water-based and non-toxic.[25][26]

“Hand art” is the application of make-up or paint to a hand to make it appear like an animal or other object. Some hand artists, like Guido Daniele, produce images that are trompe l’oeil representations of wild animals painted on people’s hands.

Hand artists work closely with hand models. Hand models can be booked through specialist acting and modeling agencies usually advertising under “body part model” or “hands and feet models”.

Body painting features in various media. The popular TV variety show, Rowan & Martin’s Laugh-In, featured bodies painted with comedic phrases and jokes during transitions. The Pillow Book, a 1996 film by Peter Greenaway, is centred on body painting. The 1990 American film Where the Heart Is featured several examples of models who were painted to blend into elaborate backdrops as trompe-l’il. Skin Wars is a body painting reality competition hosted by Rebecca Romijn that premiered on Game Show Network on August 6, 2014.

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Body painting – Wikipedia

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Skin and Medical Topics – The Skin Center10.25.17

Mohs Surgery

What is Mohs micrographic Surgery (MMS)? Where can I have Mohs Surgery? How long does the surgery take? What kind of physician can perform Mohs Surgery? Where can I find a doctor board certified in Mohs? Is Mohs only for skin cancer? Can I remove my moles using Mohs? Am I a good candidate for Mohs Surgery? What if I have artificial joints or other health issues? What areas are treatable by Mohs Surgery? What are possible complications of Mohs? Is there scarring from surgery? What are alternatives for Mohs Surgery? What about plastic surgery? What about insurance coverage and costs? How do I prepare for my surgery? Can I smoke and drink alcohol before surgery? How is recovery? Can I return to work or school? Is there pain after surgery? What is the chance that my cancer will recur? Can I go out in the sun after surgery? How are skin cancers treated? Why is it called Mohs?

What is Mohs micrographic Surgery (MMS)?Mohs micrographic surgery is a minor surgical procedure and special method of removing skin cancers using local anesthesia (numbing). The majority of cases are performed right in the physicians office. Mohs is a very precise, highly detailed technique whereby small layers of skin are removed and immediately examined under the microscope to make sure the skin cancer is completely removed.

The procedure uses frozen sections of skin which are then stained with special dyes. The dyed frozen pieces of skin are further examined under the microscope and a tumor map is drawn by the Mohs surgeon. The freezing process allows an immediate examination of the entire tumor margin and tissue histology (microscopic examination of cells).

If more cancer cells or roots are seen under the microscope, then another skin layer is removed and again examined. Each time that a skin level is removed, it is called a level. If no more cancer roots are seen, then it is called clear (no more tumor) and no additional levels are needed.

By removing only tissue where cancer is known to be present, the technique combines a very high cure rate with good preservation of normal skin. Once the cancer has been fully removed, the Mohs surgeon looks at the wound to determine the way to get the best wound repair and cosmetic result for you.

Mohs is special because the entire edge and under-surface of each skin cancer layer is carefully examined under the microscope for the presence of very small cancer cells. With regular or traditional surgery only about 1 to 3% of the tumor margins are actually examined thereby increasing the chances that a small tumor root would be missed and left behind. Mohs allows for examination of 100% of the tumor margins thereby reducing the chance that tumor cells will be left behind.

Mohs is usually scheduled only on certain days in the doctors office because of the required equipment, tissue stains (dye), Mohs technologists, and microscopes. Most of these procedures are generally performed with the patient waiting in the office for the tissue to be read or interpreted by the Mohs surgeon.

Where can I have Mohs Surgery?Mohs micrographic surgery is usually performed in an outpatient setting like a doctors office and under local anesthetic (lidocaine). Sometimes the procedure may be performed in an outpatient surgical center with the assistance of an anesthesiologist. Rarely, it is performed in an inpatient hospital setting.

How long does the surgery take?You are generally in the medical office for several hours( average 2-7 hours) on the day of your Mohs procedure. Depending on how large or difficult your skin cancer is, different numbers of levels may be required to achieve clearance. Mohs requires your patience and your doctors careful effort and skill. It is not always possible to predict ahead of time how many hours your specific procedure will take. Most patients leave their days schedule open to allow for adequate time to complete their Mohs.

What kind of physician can perform Mohs Surgery?Most Mohs surgeons are specially trained dermatologists. There are also some plastic surgery, or Ear , Nose and Throat ( ENT) surgeons who are trained and may also perform Mohs.

Where can I find a doctor board certified in Mohs?There is no current Board Certification for Mohs Surgery. There are two nationally recognized and respected national Mohs specialty groups called the American College of Mohs Surgery and the American Society for Mohs Surgery (ASMS).Both of these medical groups have specialty training and certification exams for their members. Members of The American College of Mohs Surgery usually have completed an additional 1 to 2 years of Mohs training. Members of the American Society for Mohs Surgery are also trained and required to actively participate in an annual quality control Mohs slide peer review.

Is Mohs only for skin cancer?Yes, Mohs is a widely used method of surgically removing the most common types of skin cancers including basal cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma. It is currently not used to remove non-cancerous growths.Less frequently, Mohs may also be used for other malignant tumors. In special cases, Mohs may be used to surgically treat malignant melanoma, lentigo maligna, dermatofirosarcoma protuberans, merkel cell tumor, microcystic adnexal carcinoma, malignant trichoepithelioma, angiosarcoma, atypical fibroxanthoma and other cancerous tumors. However, most Mohs surgeons treat primarily basal and squamous cell cancers by this technique.

Can I remove my moles using Mohs?

No, Mohs is usually not for mole removal. It is primarily designed for removing skin cancers. Moles are usually removed by standard or traditional surgery.

Am I a good candidate for Mohs Surgery?You may not be a good candidate for Mohs if you are unable to tolerate local anesthesia, have extreme anxiety, have a surgical phobia, or are in very poor health.Your decision on the best treatment choice may depend on different factors such as the location and type of skin cancer, your past treatments, your overall health, and level of comfort. Your physician can help you sort through the different treatments and assist in your shared decision making process. However, the right decision for you is always yours and your doctors to make.

What if I have artificial joints or other health issues?Your Mohs surgeon needs to know of any other medical conditions that may affect your surgery or wound healing. You would want to make sure to tell your surgeon beforehand if you have any artificial parts (implants) like knees or hips , a pacemaker or defibrillator, or need to take antibiotics before dental procedures because of a heart condition or murmur.Your Mohs surgeon needs to know if you have had a history of Staph or other skin infections in the recent past. You may be asked to wash with a special antibiotic soap or wash like Hibiclens ( Chlorhexidine) the night or morning before surgery to help reduce the number of bacteria on your skin.

Patients need to also advise their surgeon of any drug allergies such as to anesthetics like lidocaine, xylocaine, epinephrine, or novacaine. Additionally, the surgeon may need to know of any bleeding or bruising tendencies, Hepatitis, HIV/ AIDS, or pregnancy.

What areas are treatable by Mohs Surgery?Mohs is used primarily for the treatment of head and neck basal and squamous cell skin cancers. It is particularly useful for skin cancers in difficult areas such as nose, lips, ears, and genitals.

It is also used on hands and feet where there is not a lot of extra tissue for bigger surgical removals. Mohs is very effective for the treatment of recurrent tumors (tumors that were previously removed and have re-grown at the same site). However, depending on the specific patient and tumor type, any area of the body may be treated by Mohs surgery.

What are possible complications of Mohs?As with any surgery or procedure , Mohs is associated with some possible risks and complications. While it is overall a very safe and effective minor surgical treatment, there are some possible uncommon complications. Since a scar usually forms anytime you cut the skin, most patients understand and expect some type of a scar after skin cancer removal.

Possible risks and complications of Mohs include (but are not limited to) bleeding, bruising, wound infection, pain, unsightly scar, keloid ( raised, thick scar), cosmetic disfigurement, skin discoloration, nerve damage, allergic reactions, pain, reaction to local anesthesia, widened or sunken in( depressed) scar, wound opening ( dehiscence) and spitting or retained stitches, cancer recurrence, need for further surgery or treatment including radiation or plastic surgery, and rarely death.

Minor, serious, or life threatening reactions can occur with the use of anesthetics or with medications given before, after or during surgery. Nerves controlling muscle movement, sensation, or other functions may be damaged. This nerve damage may be permanent.Overall, most patients tolerate the minor surgery very well without any complications.

What is reconstruction?Reconstruction is repairing or fixing the wound.

Repairing or closing the wound may involve having your surgeon stitch the wound closed side by side. Sometime an area may heal better by letting the wound heal in by itself naturally without stitches. Additional reconstruction options include using a skin graft, moving a flap of skin, and plastic surgery closure.

Shared decision making is very important in this part and you are involved in how you prefer to repair the wound. Your Mohs surgeon may make some recommendations on how to close your wound.

The main goal with Mohs surgery is to remove the skin cancer first. Once the cancer is cleared out, then your Mohs surgeon will look at how to best fix the area. The goal of Mohs is to clear skin cancer, achieve the smallest scar, and preserve normal tissue.

Is there scarring from Mohs surgery?Yes, all human beings heal by permanent scar formation. In general, when you cut the skin, there will be some type of scar. Some people heal better than others. Some scars are more noticeable depending on the location and skin type.

There are many options for treatment of surgical scars including lasers, scar creams and gels, cortisone injections, and many other choices depending on the scar. You may want to discuss ways to help minimize scarring with your doctor at your stitch removal appointment.

What are alternatives for Mohs Surgery?It is important to understand that there are alternative treatments and options to Mohs. Additional treatment choices include (but are not limited to) local radiation, prescription topical creams, plastic surgery, curettage and desiccation (scrape and burn), regular surgery, chemotherapy creams or injections, cryosurgery ( deep freezing), photodynamic therapy ( uses a type of light and a light activated chemical called a photosensitizer).

What about insurance coverage and costs?Mohs surgery is generally considered a medical service and is not considered cosmetic. Currently, most insurance plans cover the procedure under their provided benefits. However, with the many changes in insurance plans, it is always advisable to contact your insurance carrier prior to scheduling surgery and confirm your eligibility and benefits.

Mohs, like any surgical procedure, will result in additional procedure charges above the routine office visit fees. These surgical fees may range from one to two thousand dollars depending on the area, number of Mohs levels, and the type of closure or repair required. The more number of levels required, the higher the cost. Surgical centers and hospitals usually have a much greater costs associated with a facility fee in addition to the surgery fee.

Insurance benefits vary and reimbursement depends on what benefits you have contracted for with your company. Currently, Medicare generally covers 80% of Mohs cancer surgery. If you have a secondary insurance plan, that may help take care of the remainder 20% not covered by Medicare.

Commercial or non-Medicare insurances currently generally cover a large percentage of your surgery unless you have to meet an out of pocket deductible first. You may want to get to know and understand your insurance benefits before having surgery. In many cases, you may also ask the billing office at the medical center or hospital for an approximate estimate of your charges before scheduling the procedure.

What about plastic surgery?You may decide to have regular surgery with a plastic surgeon instead of having Mohs.

Alternatively, you may also choose a hybrid option where your Mohs surgeon removes the tumor and clears it for you and then you have the plastic surgeon fix up the wound and stitch it up for you.

If you prefer to have your plastic surgeon repair the wound, you will want to let your plastic surgeon and dermatologist know ahead of time and plan that into your Mohs schedule.

Heavy alcohol use is not advised at least one week before surgery. Heavy alcohol use can cause more bleeding and thin your blood. An occasional glass of wine or small cocktail may not cause severe bleeding. Your physician will want to know of any factors that may affect your surgery or wound healing.

How is recovery?Recovery is usually very easy and uneventful. Overall, resting as much as possible the first few days after surgery is generally helpful.

Stitches (sutures) are usually removed at the surgeons office anywhere from 4-14 days from the date of surgery. Your physician will let you know what date to return for stitch removal .

Can I return to work or school?Most patients are able to return to work or school the same day or next day after Mohs. Avoiding heavy lifting, straining, or strenuous exercise for 7-21 days may be required depending on the area of surgery. Your physician will need to let you know what activity precautions are required based on the area and size of your procedure.

Is there pain after surgery?Most patient report no or minimal discomfort after surgery and require no pain medication.

If there is pain, many patients find that they prefer to take something for pain at the first hint of discomfort instead of waiting until the pain builds up to an unbearable level. If you have mild or moderate pain, your doctor may advise you to take Tylenol (Acetaminophen) or another pain reliever over the counter. Aspirin or Aspirin containing pain relievers may cause increased bleeding. Rarely, prescription pain medications may be required for severe pain.

Your physician will let you know what pain medications are recommended for your specific condition.

How do I take care of my surgical area after Mohs?It is generally required to check with your surgeon for their specific wound care instructions just after surgery.Often, you will be asked to go home and take it east for the rest of the day couch potato day. A few patients like to return to work and resume their work day after surgery.

It may be advisable to avoid heavy lifting and exercise especially the first 24-48 hours after surgery. Your physician will usually give you more detailed instructions depending on the area and size of the surgery.

You will have usually have a bulky pressure dressing on the surgery area for 1 day. You may be asked to keep the area dry until 24 hours. Swimming pools, oceans, and jaccuzis are usually off limits while the stitches are in. These may increase your chance of infection. Many physicians allow you to shower the next day after surgery. Wound care may require cleaning the wound with soap or hydrogen peroxide 2-3 times a day and applying an over the counter antibiotic ointment to the area.

Mild swelling is not uncommon the 1st day or two after surgery and can be lessened by use of an ice bag, ice cubes or chips in a small Ziplock baggie, or frozen peas in their bag. Leaving the dressing in place, ice use every 5-15 minutes every hour for the first 8-24 hours after surgery. Swelling is more common around for surgeries around the eyes or lips. Sleeping propped up on a few pillows or in a reclining chair may help decrease swelling after surgery of the head and face area.The surgical area may ooze a little blood or clear liquid especially in the first few hours after surgery; activity may aggravate this. Hot drinks or bending over at the waist can also initiate or worsen bleeding of face wounds. If bleeding occurs, firm pressure applied directly to for ten to fifteen minutes to the site may be helpful. Most bleeding will stop if you apply enough pressure. Your surgeon should be notified of non-stopping bleeding. Rarely, a visit to the hospital emergency room may be necessary for severe bleeding.Your surgeon will need to know if pain is increasing after 1-2 days after your surgery or you are having fever or other concerning symptoms. In such cases, you may need to be seen at the surgeons office. The surgical area may need to be promptly checked for bleeding or infection.

Limiting hot foods, hot drinks, and heavy chewing for 48 hours may help decrease the chances of postoperative bleeding for wounds around the mouth or cheek areas.

Your physician will let you know their recommended wound care.

What about makeup?Most patients are advised to try to avoid applying makeup or powder directly on a fresh wound unless the surface is fully healed. Skin colored tape strips called steristrips are available to minimize and help cover-up a visible wound.It is important to follow your own physicians instructions for wound care.

What is the chance that my cancer will recur?There is a very low chance that your skin cancer will recur after Mohs surgery. Mohs cure rates have been reported as high as 96-99%.It is important to understand that no cancer treatment or surgery has a 100% cure rate. A skin cancer may recur or a new cancer may arise in the same or adjacent area even after Mohs or other surgery. Some skin cancers are more aggressive than others and need additional treatment and closer follow up.Skin cancers frequently need additional follow up and possible further treatment. Although Mohs surgery tends to have the highest cure rate compared to other treatments, Mohs may not be necessarily curative in advanced skin cancer ( rare cases) and may need one or more procedures such as radiation or further surgery to fully treat the lesion.Good follow up appointments with your physician are very important, especially in the first few years after Mohs. Many patients are seen every 4-6 months after their diagnosis of a skin cancer. Self skin examinations monthly are good practice for patients with a history of skin cancer. Any changing or new growth should be promptly checked by your physician. More regular follow up appointments may be needed for those with more aggressive tumors or tumors in high risk areas.Your physician will recommend the proper follow up for your specific condition.

How many levels of Mohs will I need?On average, most patients may only need 1 or 2 levels before clearing the tumor roots. Depending on the skin cancer type and location, a patient may need anywhere from 1 to 10 or more levels of Mohs to clear a tumor.There is no way to predict ahead of time how many levels your cancer will require for cure. The number of Mohs levels needed to completely remove the skin cancer depends on how big your cancer is and where the roots are. Mohs surgeons alway strive to remove your cancer in as few levels as possible.There is also very little way to predict beforehand how large a skin cancer is because often there are invisible portions roots which can be seen only with the help of a microscope. Sometimes, more than one surgical procedure may be required to remove very large or invasive tumors, cancers in small areas or difficult areas, or to obtain the best medical and cosmetic result.

Can I go out in the sun after surgery?

There are no specific strict sun restrictions after Mohs surgery. You may go out in the sun with sunscreen and protective hats and clothing. Overall, the sun is not your friend and should be avoided in excess. Excess sun exposure has been linked to possible skin cancer.Use of sunscreen or other cover up on the scar is very helpful for at least 6 months after surgery to help minimize scarring. It is important to follow your own physicians instructions for wound care and sun protection.

How are skin cancers treated?There are many good and effective ways to treat skin cancers. Options include local radiation (X-ray) treatments, curettage and desiccation C&D ( scrape and burn), cryosurgery ( specialized deep freezing), photodynamic therapy using Levulan and laser and or blue light, regular surgical excision, plastic surgery treatment, interferon injections, laser removal and surgery, Mohs surgery, and several prescription creams including Aldara ( imiquimod) and Efudex ( flurouracil).

Why is it called Mohs?Mohs is named after its inventor Dr. Frederic Mohs who first described the technique in 1941.

Photodynamic Therapy

What is Photodynamic Therapy?Photodynamic Therapy (PDT) is a special medical treatment that uses a photosensitizing drug and a light source to activate the applied drug. The result is an activated oxygen molecule that can destroy specific cells, including pre-cancerous or certain types of cancer cells. The procedure is generally minor and performed in a physicians office or outpatient setting.

PDT essentially has three steps. First, a light sensitizing liquid, cream, or intravenous drug (photosensitizer) is applied or administered. Second, there is an incubation period of minutes to days. Finally, the target tissue is then exposed to a specific wavelength of light which then helps activate the photosensitizing medication.

Steps: 1. Application of photosensitizer drug 2. Incubation period 3. Light activation

Although first discovered around 1913, PDT in the modern sense is a fairly new, evolving science whereby varying incubation times of a light sensitizing drug are used in combination with varying types of available light sources depending on the target tissue. The basic premise of PDT is selective tissue destruction. Although the photosensitizer may be absorbed all over by many cells, atypical or cancerous cells preferentially take up more of the drug and also may retain the drug for longer duration than normal tissues.

At present, the primary limitation of available PDT techniques is the depth of penetration of the light and ability to target cells within at most 1/3 of an inch ( approximately 1cm) of the light source. Therefore tumors or atypical growths must be fairly close to the skin or treatment surface for PDT to work.

What is Photodynamic Therapy used for?PDT is currently used in multiple medical fields including oncology (cancer), dermatology (skin), and cosmetic surgery.

In oncology, it is FDA approved for non-small cell lung cancer, esophageal cancer, and pre-cancerous changes of Barretts esophagus. Its use is also being further investigated through clinical trials in general oncology for conditions including cancers of the cervix (mouth of uterus), prostate gland, brain, and peritoneal cavity (the abdominal space that contains the stomach, liver, and internal organs).

In dermatology, PDT using Levulan Kerastick (20% delta-aminolevulinic acid HCl) became FDA approved in 2001 for the treatment of pre-skin cancers called actinic keratosis (AK). The initial approval was specifically for normal (non-hyperkeratotic) actinic keratosis of the face and scalp with a specified 14 to 18 hour drug incubation time, and 1,000 seconds (16 minutes and 40 seconds) of activation by a proprietary blue light source.

Since 2001, PDT has also received many other non-FDA approved ( also called off-label ) uses including acne, rosacea, skin cancer, sun damage, cosmetic skin improvement, oily skin, enlarged sebaceous glands, wrinkles, rejuvenation (anti-aging), warts, hidradenitis suppurativa, psoriasis, and many other skin conditions.

What photosensitizer drugs are available?At least 3 currently FDA approved photosensitizers are available including Photofrin (porfimer sodium), Levulan ( 5-aminolevulinic acid or ALA ), Metvix (methyl aminolevulinate (MAOP)) . More drugs are undergoing trials and may become available in the near future. Photofrin is used intravenously ( IV)for internal cancers while Levulan and Metvix are applied topically for skin therapy.

What light sources are available?PDT can essentially use many types of light sources. These include laser, intense pulsed light, light-emitting diodes (LEDs) , blue light, red light, many other visible lights, including natural sunlight. Photosensitizer drugs may become activated by one or several types of applied light depending on the ideal wavelength for the particular drug used and target tissue.

How is the light applied?The light source needs to be directly applied to the target tissue for a specific amount of time. For surface skin treatments, the light is easily directly applied to the area of the skin where the photosensitizer drug has been applied ( such as face, scalp, arms, etc.).For internal cancers, delivering the light to the desired area is more challenging. The light may be delivered through small fiber optic cables into the body cavity or area being treated. Sometimes endoscopes ( a thin lighted elongated tube which is inserted into a body space) are used to deliver the light into the lungs, stomach, or bladder.

How does PDT work?PDT works by direct injury to the target cells and tissues. While all of the exact mechanisms are not fully known yet, the basic pathway seems to involve an activated oxygen molecule that has the ability to injure or destroy nearby or specific cells.Aminolevulinic acid is then incorporated into the bodys natural heme ( blood) biosynthesis pathway and activated to form protoporphyrin IX, a potent photosensitier. Protoporphyrin IX then becomes excited to an activated singlet state. This active singlet state is then directly toxic to cells.Other potential pathways include directly killing abnormal or cancerous cells, damaging the blood vessels and blood supply to the tissue, causing inflammation and irritation, and possibly also activating the persons own immune system to attack the abnormal or cancerous cells.

Does PDT make me permanently more sensitive to light?No, PDT causes a temporary sensitivity to light, including natural sunlight and some indoor lights. The light sensitivity resolves with time depending on both the photosensitizer drug and dosage used.

How long do I have to stay out of the sun and light?Light avoidance is generally required after PDT. The duration depends on the drug and dosage used. Intravenously given Porfimer may make the body including the skin and eyes sensitive to light for about 6 weeks after treatment. Proper protection including long sleeves and sunglasses may be required.Topically applied aminolevulinic acid (Levulan) or methyl aminolevulinate (Metvix) may cause skin sensitivity only on the treatment areas for approximately 24-72 hours. These do not usually cause sensitivity on other body parts other than where the drug was directly applied. Your physician will need to discuss with you the required sun and light avoidance period required after your particular treatment.

How is PDT used to treat the skin?

PDT using Levulan ( 5-aminolevulinic acid or ALA ) and a proprietary Blue light is currently FDA approved for the treatment of skin pre-cancers called actinic keratosis ( rough scaly spots generally on sun exposed skin in more fair skin individuals).PDT is also known as ALA/PDT treatment or Super Blue Light. It has been referred to as a super photo facial when the photosensitizer is used with a machine called intense pulsed light or IPL. These treatments may help remove sun damaged pre-cancerous zones and spots. Sun damage, fine lines, and blotchy pigmentation may also be improved because of the positive effect of PDT. IN some patients, PDT also has been shown to help decrease the appearance of pores and reduce oil glands, effectively treating some subtypes of patients with stubborn acne, rosacea, and help improve the appearance of some small superficial acne scars.Although PDTs use in skin was first investigated in 1990s for actinic keratosis, it was not as popular or widely used because of the required long incubation times (usually 18-24 hours) and limited indications. Since approximately 2001, PDT has become more widespread in use primarily because of advances including shorter incubation times (30-60 minutes) and more applications including acne and cosmetic skin rejuvenation.

What is a photosensitizer drug?Photo sensitizers are chemical compounds that become activated only when exposed to light.

What is Aminolevulinic acid or Levulan?5-aminolevulinic acid also called Levulan or ALA for short is a naturally occurring protein in the body. It is found in small quantities as part of the normal heme ( blood) synthesis pathway. In larger quantities, it is a substance known to increase sensitivity to certain wavelengths of light.

How does PDT work?By preferentially attacking the active or abnormal cells, PDT combines a very high success rate with good preservation of normal skin without significant risks for scarring. Once the areas have healed following PDT, the areas are re- examined to see if additional treatments or possible biopsies are needed.

PDT is special because it is a targeted treatment to preferentially target more rapidly dividing cells and atypical skin growths. With regular or traditional cryosurgery ( freezing with liquid nitrogen) or burning, only the visible pre skin cancers are treated thereby leaving ones that arent as apparent ( sub clinical or hidden) lesions undetected. Photodynamic Therapy allows for field or blanket treatment of an entire area of sun damage thereby reducing the chance that undetected pre skin cancer cells will be left untreated.

Photodynamic Therapy is usually scheduled in the doctors office because of the required photosensitizing prescription / physician applied medication and the special light activation equipments. Currently PDT procedures are generally performed with the patient waiting in the office during the 30 minute to several hours incubation time before the application of the light source.

What is a typical skin PDT session like?You may be given a written procedure consent form to read and sign before your first treatment. The medical staff may take some before photography prior to applying the photosensitizer medication.In the treatment room, you may be sitting or comfortably lying back on a table. This part is generally painless and comfortable. Often a thorough cleansing of the face is done using alcohol and or acetone to degrease the skin. The less oil on the skin, the more readily the skin will absorb the applied topical medication. In some patients microdermabrasion may additionally be performed prior to the application of the medication to further prepare the skin to optimally absorb the photosensitizer.The photosensitizer liquid or cream is applied topically to the whole area being treated (such as the entire face, scalp, back of the hands, back part of the forearms, legs, feet, scalp, chest, or back).The medication is allowed to air dry for a few minutes and then you will wait anywhere from 30-60 minutes for the incubation time. Some areas such as chest, back and particularly forearms and legs require longer incubation times of 2-18 hours for better results. No two people or skin on different areas of the body are exactly alike. PDT requires physician adjustments for specific individualized incubation times and treatment durations.After the proper incubation time, you are brought back into the light source room where the medication is activated with a specific wavelength light source. There may be sensations of warmth, tingling, heat, or burning in some patients. Frequently, you will have a fan to help cool off during the treatment.The treatment area is then washed off and sunscreen applied before leaving the office. Instructions and an appointment for follow up may then be given on how to care for the improved skin.

How much improvement can I expect?No two individuals are the same and results may vary. As with any medical procedure, some conditions can improve dramatically in some patients and not respond in others.

Overall, patients with severe sun damaged skin manifested by actinic keratosis, texture, and tone changes including mottled pigmentation, dull or sallow skin, and skin laxity may see good to excellent improvement with PDT. There have been reports of possible improvement of large pores, non- pitted acne scars, and active acne.

Depending on the area being treated and the recommended incubation time, different numbers of treatment sessions spaced 4-6 weeks apart may be required to achieve the desired improvement and reduction in lesions. It is not always possible to predict ahead of time how many treatments your specific condition may take or how you will respond to PDT.

Photodynamic Therapy requires your patience and your willingness to follow the post procedure instructions, including staying out of the sun for 24-28 hours depending on the area treated and your physicians requirements.

How many treatments will it take to see the best results?To achieve maximum improvement of pre-cancerous (actinic keratosis) sun damage, skin tone and texture, on average a series of 2-3 treatments 2-6 weeks apart may be quite effective. Some patients with milder actinic keratosis are happy with one treatment. More treatments can be done at periodic intervals in the future to maintain the rejuvenated appearance of the skin.

Where can I have Photodynamic Therapy?Photodynamic Therapy for skin therapy is usually comfortably performed in an outpatient setting like a doctors office and without any sedation or anesthesia.You may check the for board certified dermatologist members of the American Board of Dermatology in your area or for members of the American Society of Photodynamic Therapy. Additionally, oncologists and other physicians may be trained in this area.While these photosensitizer medications may currently only be available to medical personnel, it may be foreseeable or possible in the distant future where patients could be given a prescription for the topical or oral photosensitizer and a light source for physician directed home use.

How long does a skin PDT procedure take?You are generally in the medical office for several hours( average 1 1/2 hours) on the day of your Photodynamic Therapy. Facial PDT may take 10 minutes to apply the medication, 30-60 minutes to allow proper skin incubation, and 15-20 minutes for light application. Other areas may require longer incubation times and you may leave the office and come back when it is time to have the light.

Many patients prefer to schedule their treatment later in the afternoon so they may go directly home after the treatment. It is not usually advised to have any sun exposure such as from running errands or driving around after the treatment.

What kind of physician can perform Photodynamic Therapy?Most skin PDT is performed only by specially trained dermatologists and their medical staff. Other physicians including oncologists, family physicians, internal medicine doctors, plastic surgeons, or Ear, Nose and Throat ( ENT) surgeons and their medical staff who are trained and may also perform Photodynamic Therapy.While it is generally advisable to undergo this or any medical treatment in an established board-certified physicians office, there are medical spa type environments that may also offer these skin services with or without physician supervision.

Where can I find a doctor board certified in Photodynamic Therapy?There is no current Board Certification, residency, or fellowship training for Photodynamic Therapy. There is a new national organization called the American Society for Photodynamic Therapy (ASPDT). You may check the website for members of this group at There are many other photomedicine interest groups and societies dedicated to this evolving field.

Some dermatologists and oncologists have received special residency or post graduate training for photodynamic therapy. Many other physicians may be trained by companies that manufacturer the photosensitizing material and /or the light source.

Is skin PDT only for pre-cancerous growths?No, Photodynamic Therapy is a widely used method of treating many conditions including pre-cancers (actinic keratosis), some types of superficial skin cancers, acne, rosacea, warts, sebaceous hyperplasia ( enlarged oil glands), fine wrinkles, psoriasis, and other cosmetic indications. It is currently not used to remove malignant melanoma or deeply invasive cancers. It is not used to remove moles or birthmarks.Less frequently, Photodynamic Therapy may also be used off-label for other less common conditions including hidradenitis suppurativa, porokeratosis, disseminated actinic porokeratosis (DSAP), and other investigational conditions.

What are the advantages with Photodynamic Therapy for treating skin pre-cancers?The greatest advantage of PDT is the ability to selectively treat an entire area of skin damage and pre-cancers (blanket or field treatment). PDT generally decreases the likelihood of lighter or darker skin spots ( post-inflammatory hyper or hypo pigmentation) caused by routine freezing with liquid nitrogen. Additionally, PDT frequently may facilitate smoother skin and an overall improved appearance, tone, color, and enhanced skin texture.

In several studies, PDT has been preferred by many patients for ease of use and recovery as compared to alternative treatments including freezing and chemotherapy creams like fluorouracil (Efudex). The PDT side effects may be milder with less down time than with fluorouracil.

For patients with many skin lesions, PDT may be generally more effective than repeated spot treatment with topical liquid nitrogen. Some patients are unable to tolerate the prolonged treatment required with fluorouracil (Efudex) or imiquimod (Aldara) because of the irritation, redness, and possible downtime with these topical creams.PDT has become a very well tolerated, essentially painless, non-invasive (no needles or surgery required) procedure to help reduce sun damage and enhance the overall cosmetic outcome (particularly in sensitive areas of the face and chest).

How many treatments of Photodynamic Therapy will I need?

No two peoples skin is exactly the same and therefore individual results and number of required treatments vary. On average, most patients may benefit from 1 to 3 PDT treatments for an area and annual touch up treatments. While the face tends to respond faster and to fewer treatments, areas like the forearms and legs are much harder ( resistant and tough skin) to treat and may require many more treatments.

There is no way to reliably predict ahead of time exactly how many treatments your condition will require. Photodynamic Therapy physicians always strive to treat your condition in as few treatments as possible without causing a severe burn.

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Championship Ashe’s splash art is finally here, and it’s really cool – Dot Esports09.07.17

It’s been two weeks since this year’s Championship skin was revealed to be Ashe on the PBE, and since then, we’ve been waiting to see her splash art. After all, the artwork for each Championship skin has been particularly badass.

The wait is finally over, because the art was loaded onto the PBE yesterday, and it’s just as awesome as we were all hoping.

This skin will have stiff competition, though, because between Ashe’s Heartseeker (2014) and Project (2016) skins, players might be checked out on the idea of buying yet another new Ashe skin, especially when Project Ashe is priced a bit high at 1820 RP. That’s essentially a $20 skin.

Still, this skin looks stunning so far on the PBE, and the splash art certainly does it justice. The skin will ship with custom sound effects, ability animations, and a new recall that let’s our favorite Freljordian queen sit atop a badass Worlds-themed throne.

Last year’s Championship Zed set the bar high, and it looks like this year will set it even higher. Remember, when this skin does go live, a portion of the proceeds will be added to the Worlds prize pool, so by buying this skin, you’re directly supporting your favorite Worlds teams.

That, or you’re funding SK Telecom T1 so they can afford Lee “Faker” Sang-hyeok for one more year, because, let’s be honest, they’ll probably win again.

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Pharrell Has Divulged the Secret to His Perfect Skin – Noisey09.07.17

Right now, you could show me a photograph of Pharrell Williams and I would be quite sure that I was looking at a man in his twenties. Pharrell, however, is actually forty-four years old, and has the smoothest, softest-looking skin in the music industry. People decades younger than him look withered and elderly in comparison.

And while good genes can certainly answer for a lot, there have to be some external factors (it’s well known, for example, that he has his own dermatologist.) Previously, he’s waxed lyrical about the benefits of Glytone Self-Foaming Cleanser, and now, in an interview with Dazed about his new Adidas collection, he’s added another piece to the puzzle of his skincare regime:

I exfoliate like a madman. When you exfoliate and you drink a lot of water, that does good for you. To me, the key is just exfoliating, like a monster. There’s a lot of dead skin. All the time. Like a narcissistic madman.

OK, this is a good start, but I’m going to need more detail. Is Pharrell doing acid exfoliation, or is he using a scrub? What are the specific products he’s using? You can’t just tease people like this Pharrell, we need to know, our glo-ups depend on it. Drop the full product regime, Pharrell, for the love of god.

Elsewhere in the interviewwhich is unfortunately a little short on any news about new musicPharrell discussed politics, and specifically the issue of climate change. The topic is currently weighing heavy on the minds of many following extreme weather in the US, in the forms of Hurricanes Harvey and Irma:

There are just people who make a lot of money on pretending that these are not real issues. I don’t understand how you can live in Alaska and not believe in global warming. Actually, I do understanda lack of empathy is very powerful. It can make you see things that are not there.

It’s an enlightening read if you’re interested in Pharrell’s relationship with fashion; or if, indeed, you are, like me, just after that skincare holy grail.

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CESAREO GARASA: Collectibles, comics, a concert oh my! This local con delivers – The Bakersfield Californian09.07.17

This weekends big event will undoubtedly be the Village Fest, aka Bakersfields largest social bacchanal.

However, there is one event happening on Saturday (and Sunday) that offers something totally different for all ages think of it as Village Fests slightly geekier younger cousin: Bakersfield Collector-Con at the Rabobank Convention Center.

That both events are happening on the same day is purely coincidental. Convention founder and promoter Nick Avalos, 39, says the convention’s booking date was out of necessity and opportunity: There was a cancellation.

(This Saturday) was basically the only spot available, Avalos said.

On Saturday, the convention lasts from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. so collectors can conceivably make the con and still hit Village Fest an hour later (note: The con will be serving booze). But what about those who are too young to attend the latter? Its a feeling anyone under 21 years of age in places like Las Vegas and Reno know all too well: plenty of stuff to do if youre an adult. Kids? Not so much.

Our thing is a family event, so we want to keep the families together, Avalos said. And what better way than having them enjoy a nice day with toys, comic books, (and) a cosplay contest? Then, afterwards, they get to enjoy a live concert.

The concert hes talking about is what, along with the new venue, makes this Collector-Con different from previous years. It was the move to Rabobank Convention Center that afforded Avalos an opportunity to expand the convention in more than just size.

This year we were fortunate enough to turn our convention into a two-day show, Avalos said. The (Rabobank Convention Center) gave us the opportunity to stay there later, so it was either ask the vendors to stay and make their day longer or try to incorporate something else to reach a whole different genre.

So instead of just having a DJ, like years prior, they’ll ratchet up the nostalgia factor to 11 pun intended by playing themes to old cartoons like G.I. Joe and Thundercats then attendees will be treated to an honest-to-goodness rock show after the convention is over.

The concert is family-friendly as well, but fair warning: These band are here to rock. Emily Lazar, the frontwoman and conceptual mastermind behind headliner September Mourning, performs in character as a human/grim reaper hybrid named September (natch). You wont likely find this band on daytime Nickelodeon anytime soon.

September Mourning is amazing, Avalos said. They fit right in with what were doing.

Lazars character isnt the only hybrid here the entire idea of the band is. Lazar, along with famed comic book artist (and Witchblade creator) Marc Silvestri, created the entire project as a multimedia crossover between comic books, music and performance.

Lazar has been a fan of comics since childhood and her choice to partner her music with them wasnt born from a sort of calculated business standpoint. It came from years of reading and enjoying them, stemming from days in her grandparents’ basement in New York, reading Dad’s old comic books.

And while other bands have attempted to cross-pollinate their music with comics and toys sometimes with like-minded theatricality as Lazar Ive yet to see one as ambitious or as immersive as her vision.

The music isnt the soundtrack for the show (KISS), the basis for the comic (My Chemical Romance), or the comic book the basis for the music (Coheed and Cambria). For Lazar, the music and comics work symmetrically with each other an intertwined mythology absorbed over different platforms. Even her characters design on pages and on stages reflects that.

With September, Lazar said, (the) whole thing is that shes a human/reaper hybrid so shes not totally supernatural. Shes human but she has these weird powers. That was a big thing when we were creating it: I wanted to keep the humanity in the hero because I thought that was huge. For me, that was something that I was drawn to as a kid: I wanted to able to relate. And taking that (character) to a totally different level becomes a little bit unreliable. You have to have empathy in a hero.

Both issues of the September Mourning comic, A Murder of Reapers and The Hand of Fate, were recently collected into a graphic novel with a cover by Silvestri, and available at major book sellers. Its the companion piece to the bands 2015 EP Volume I and 2016s Volume II.

Their music is a mixture of modern hard rock, djent-style metal, and heavily theatrical goth. The well-produced Volume II (whose first track is appropriately named The Collection) goes from sweeping, operatic passages (Skin and Bones) to almost bouncy metal pop (seriously on Superhuman), to aggressive, melodic despair (20 Below).

They even cover the classic Stand By Me, changing the hopeful repose of the original into a dark invitation. Oh, she goes deep here. Her vocals go from guttural to throat-shredding.

My personal favorites have to be the knockout Eye of the Storm with its unexpectedly killer melodic chorus and the anthemic Children of Fate which acts as both a rallying cry and statement of purpose contextual comic book storyline or not.

Also, the band taught me a very important lesson: If you are auditioning (even if youre not aware of it) for a goth-metal band, dont show up to rehearsal dressed like youre going to play a reggae gig. Yup. That really happened. I saw Lazars talent firsthand. Shes an artistic powerhouse. Dont be surprised if you see her eventually directing movies and giving Rob Zombie a run for his money.

Also performing will be Arizona-based Doll Skin (listed as one of the seven best rising bands under 21 by AP magazine in 2016), Kern County/Los Angeles hybrid (again!) Forget your Friends, and local rising stars (pun also intended) Missing Autumn, Stereo Citizen and Art and the Resistance. There will be no separate tickets on sale for the show, so you’ll have to pay the for the $13 Saturday pass. That’s still a heck of a bargain for the amount of talent on display, though. For $5 more, you can get a two-day pass and geek out frugally.

On both days of the convention, there will be cosplay contests for kids and adults (prizes TBD), and raffles that will benefit the Ronald McDonald House. The con is naturally an anti-bully space and attendees are invited to be themselves and have fun within reason. Just because Superman could fly, doesnt mean you should try it.

Its a sweet revenge to witness a sea change happen over the years where those once derided have become the modern arbiters and creators of pop culture. Take note, kids: That which makes you you, makes you awesome. Or amazing, or spectacular, or even uncanny (puns definitely intended).

Its cool, Lazar said, We liked this stuff back in the day, when it wasnt It was cool, but everybody (treated you) like, Oh, Youre a nerd. You read comic books, I used to get teased.

But that happened to computer geeks too, back in the day, and now theyre owning the world. So its kinda like, the cool kids today were the uncool kids ten-years ago. Thats what its become, which is, I think, awesome. It took them a little bit of time, but the mainstream finally figured it out, but thats how it always is.

Fifth annual Bakersfield Collector-Con, 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. Saturday, 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. Sunday,Rabobank Convention Center, 1001 Truxtun Ave. $13 Saturday, $8 Sunday, $18 two-day pass, free for children 10 and under; VIP (includes early entry) $25 Saturday, $15 Sunday. Note: Live musicfrom 5-10 p.m. Saturday onlywith September Mourning, Doll Skin, Art & The Resistance, Missing Autumn, Forget Your Friends, and Stereo Citizen (those interested in just attending the concert will still have to pay the conventions day pass of $13).

Get ‘Close’ at Maya Cinemas

“Close Encounters of the Third Kind” 40th anniversary, noon, 3:30, 7 and 10:15 p.m. Thursday at Maya Cinemas, 1000 California Ave. $7.50.

Speaking of things fantastic, for those who didnt get to see Steven Spielbergs Close Encounters of the Third Kind in the theater present company included here is our chance.

In honor of the movies 40th anniversary, its been digitally remastered in 4K and re-released in various theaters nationwide where audiences can experience it the way it was meant to be: larger and louder than life on the big really big screen. The MPX screen at the Maya Cinemas is as impressive as IMAX sans 3D. Thursday is the last day audiences can catch it in theaters.

This film a personal favorite shouldnt just be watched, it deserves to be experienced. It is truly one of the rare movies that can accurately be described as magnificent. While the scope is grand, its character development is intimate.

From the mysterious, haunting opening in the Sonoran Desert, to the tender, eerie, colorful, jaw-dropping climax, this was Spielbergs test-run for his masterpiece, E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial, in both emotion and spectacle. Its also, truly, one of cinematographer Vilmos Zsigmonds and visual effects supervisor Douglas Trumbulls finest hours.

Here, Spielberg learned how to subtly ratchet up tension (more-so than on Jaws), how to wring every ounce of emotion out of a score, and how to utilize special effects believably. These were all templates for each of his films after science-fiction or not.

With some of the most iconic imagery we will never see Devils Tower mountain in Wyoming without thinking of this movie and whats probably the most recognizable five-note motif in film history (technically, four notes one of them is an octave), re-watching CE3K makes adults remember what it was like to be a kid discovering wonder for the first time. It’s wistful, majestic, magical, mysterious and scary. It’s truly brilliant at times almost quite literally.

Do your kids a favor: Share this with them. The film is rated PG for some light cursing and some intense moments (the abduction scene in particular), but theyll get it. Theyll really get it.

Also, for better or worse, Spielberg is one of the first filmmakers to re-release his movie in theaters with added material, starting in 1980 with Close Encounters of the Third Kind Special Edition. So those special editions of Star Wars? Thanks to this guy.

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Dita von Teese Stepped Out to Fte Caviar at This Lavish Art Exhibition – InStyle09.07.17

September 7, 2017 @ 10:45 AM

Though Dita von Teese isn’t in the business of painting or sculpting, many would call her burlesque performances and perfectly-coiffed appearance works of art.

Thus, her appearance at a lavish New York City event where beauty and art collided on Wednesday nightLa Prairie’s The Art of Caviar exhibitionwas no surprise. Von Teese’s signature pinup girl waves and red lips were present, as was her retro-inspired style.

For the evening, the performer slipped on a floral jacquard dress from Ulyana Sergeenko. The design was fully equipped with a nipped-in waist and tea length.

To commemorate the 30th anniversary of its Skin Caviar line, La Prairie commissioned a group of contemporary artists to create works inspired by its groundbreaking technology. That blossomed into traveling The Art of Caviar exhibition, which first showed at Art Basel in Basel. The iconic beauty brand then decided to take its show on the roadshowing the pieces to the public in Paris in July.

Among the artists are Paul Coudamy with his pieces Living Cells and Solid Frequencies, Bonjour Lab’s digital work Moving Pixel, a Cinq Fruitsphotography series, and an audiovisual installation by TremensS.

RELATED: Ageism Won’t Keep Burlesque Star Dita Von Teese from the Stage

Art and beauty lovers alike in New York City can see the works in person Thursday, Sept. 7 from 10 a.m. to 8 p.m. at 3 West 57th Street. The exhibition will then travel to Hong Kong at the end of the month and Shanghai in November.

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Art Imitating Life: This New South Park Game Gets Harder If You Choose A Black Character – Blavity09.07.17

How can we forget that famous Scandal moment when Papa Pope told Olivia, “You have to be twice as good as them to get half of what they have?”

Photo: GIPHY

Well, art is again imitating life in the South Park headquarters. A new video game based on the popular animated series incorporates racial life dynamics, Kotakureports.

The game, South Park: The Fractured But Whole, will have its difficulty settings based on the skin color players choose in the game’s character creation screen.

Preview gameplay footage shows that the game’s difficulty slider goes from “Easy,” the white option, to “Very Difficult,” a dark skinned option. In a fun twist on gaming world defaults, if a player wants to play the game on “Normal” mode, they have to play as a person of color.

According to Eurogamer, the skin color of the player’s character will determine how Non-Player Characters (NPCs) react to the character in various situations, and will also affect how much money your character is able to earn for their work.

Dont worry, this doesnt affect combat. Just every other aspect of your whole life, South Parks leading character, Eric Cartman jokes as you select your skin color.

Race isnt the only thing that affects gameplay, either.

Players can also choose if their character is male, female or neither. After choosing your sex, you are asked to chose whether you are cis or trans.

In Eurogamer’s playthrough, its reviewers decided to be a transgender young woman, and found themselves under physical attack by transphobic South Park residents.

If all of this sounds interesting, you’ll be able to play the game yourself soon.

South Park: The Fractured But Whole releases on October 17th.

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Art Imitating Life: This New South Park Game Gets Harder If You Choose A Black Character – Blavity

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Entertainment Lancaster Sept. 7-13 Art Calendar – LancasterOnline09.07.17



Monthly pop-up market featuring the original works of artists, hobbyists, artisans, bakers, upcyclers and more. Sponsored by Creatively Lancaster. Kicks off Sat. 10 a.m.-3 p.m. Free. Tellus360, 24 E. King St.



Paintings by local artist Crystal Dull along with works by her two teen daughters, Breonna and Monica. Opening reception, Wed. 6:30-8:30 p.m. Cont. through Oct. Daily 9 a.m.-7 p.m. Free. Harvest View lobby and galleries of Landis Homes, 1001 E. Oregon Road, Lititz, 717-381-3550.


Transcriptformations by Jay Noble. Opens Mon. Cont. through Oct. 19. Mon.-Fri. 8 a.m.-4 p.m. Weekend hours by appt. Free. Breidenstine Hall, Millersville University, 717-872-7249.



Multiartist exhibit. Featured artist: Jenna Johnson. Cont. through Sept. Thurs. 11 a.m.-5 p.m.; Fri. 11 a.m.-7 p.m.; (First Fridays until 9 p.m.) Sat. 10 a.m.-5 p.m. or by appt. Free. 24 W. Walnut St., 610-304-5168.


Works by Christiane David. Mon.-Thurs. and Sat. 10 a.m.-5 p.m.; Fri. 10 a.m.-6 p.m. 112 N. Prince St. 717-293-0809.


Diversification, by David Silvah. Highlight artist: Susan Bailey, with City Mouse/Folk Mouse: A Lancaster Story. Also: Storytellers, an open-call photo exhibit. Cont. through Sept. Tues.-Sat. 10 a.m.-5 p.m.; Sun. 11 a.m.-3 p.m.; Free. 146 N. Prince St., 717-393-8807.


Current Color A Year on the River by Diana Thomas. Cont. through Sept. 30. Tues.-Thurs. 10 a.m.-5 p.m.; Fri.-Sun. 9 a.m.-6 p.m. Free. 41 W. Walnut St., Columbia.


Second Skin, photo exhibit by Ashley Moog. Reception and artist talk, Sept. 21 from 5:30-7 p.m. Exhibit cont. through Oct. 6. Tues. and Thurs. 1-7:30 p.m.; Wed. and Fri. 11 a.m.-7:30 p.m. Free. Winter Visual and Performing Arts Center, 60 W. Cottage Ave., Millersville. 717-872-3304. 717-871-4633.


Forbidden Art, an exhibition of photographs of camp art from the collections of the Auschwitz Memorial. Cont. through Oct. 26. Mon.-Thurs. 10 a.m.-8 p.m.; Sat. 9 a.m.-1 p.m. Free. 550 S. Reading Road, Ephrata, 717-738-9291.


Works of resident pen and ink artist Dale Weibley. Fri. and Sat. 10 a.m.-5 p.m.; and select Fourth Friday events. Free. 653 Locust St., Columbia, 717-669-1890.


Linear Motion, works by C. Mari Pack. Cont. through Sept. 30. Thurs. and Fri. 10 a.m.-5 p.m.; Sat. 10 a.m.-6 p.m. Free. 110 W. King St., Suite 101. 717-381-5032.


Waterworks, a themed membership show, Kauffman Gallery; Solo show by Darby Bolich, Steinmetz Gallery. Cont. through Sept. 7. Thurs.-Sat. 11 a.m.-4 p.m.; Sun. 1-4 p.m. 149 Precision Ave., Strasburg, 717-687-7061.


Woodcut Prints: Fruit of the Tree, by Gene Shaw. Cont. through Sept. 30. Tues.-Fri. 10 a.m.-5 p.m.; Sat. 10 a.m.-3 p.m. and by appt. Free. 34 N. Water St., 717-397-5552.


The Roaring Twenties, a new series of works by Liz Hess. Tues.-Sat. 10 a.m.-5 p.m. Free. 140 N. Prince St., 717-390-7222.


Richard Babusci: What Remains, a collection of oil and acrylic on canvas paintings that depict people disassembling into abstract fragments. Also afterimages, an exhibit of photography by Joseph Greer. Cont. through Sept. Mon.-Fri. 10 a.m.-4 p.m. Evenings and weekends by appt. 21 N. Mulberry St., 717-295-1949.


Plain Meetinghouses by photographer John Herr and Fragmentation by art educator Kay Reist. Cont. through Oct. 29. First Fridays 5-8 p.m. Other hours by appointment. Free. Community Mennonite Church, 328 W. Orange St. 717-392-7567.


Faig Ahmed Azerbaijan carpet art. Cont. through Sept. 22. Mon.-Fri. 8 a.m.-4:30 p.m. (Later on First Fridays.) Free. 204 N. Prince St., 717-396-7833.


Jill Pekelun: Urban Landscapes; Nicole Michaud: Journeys; Passion, to Paint the Remembered Sensation, solo exhibit by Susan Gottlieb. Highlight artists: Rhoda Kahler, Jeff Schaller, Patricia Wertz and Linda Stetina; Emerging artist: Brittany Kurtinecz. Cont. through Sept. 30. Tues., Thurs., Fri. and Sat. 10 a.m.-5 p.m. (First Fridays until 8 p.m.) Free. 138 N. Prince St., 717-299-4400.


Painting on Clay: Toshiko Takaezu and the Abstract Expressionist Movement. Reception, tonight from 5-7; lecture, Sept. 28 at 5 p.m. (Zimmerman Recital Hall). Exhibit cont. through Oct. 15. Wed. 5-8 p.m.; Thurs. and Fri. 1-4:30 p.m.; Sat. and Sun. 11 a.m.-5 p.m. Free. West Church and North White Oak Sts., Lebanon Valley College, Annville, 717-867-6445.


Selective Visions, works by Mimi Shapiro and Paul Engleheart. Cont. through Sept. 29. Mon.-Fri. 8 a.m.-4 p.m. Free. Regitz Gallery in the Ware Center, 42 N. Prince St., 717-871-7600.



Museum houses a collection of American art, with special galleries dedicated to the work of N.C., Andrew and Jamie Wyeth. Rotating exhibitions. Currently: Andrew Wyeth: In Retrospect. Cont. through Sept. 17. Daily 9:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. $15 adults; $10 seniors, $6 students and children 6-12, free children under 6. 1 Hoffmans Mill Road, U.S. Route 1 in Chadds Ford. 610-388-2700.


Home and studio of modernist Charles Demuth (1883-1935). Permanent collection of Demuths art, plus special events and changing exhibitions. Currently: Robert E. Locher: A Modern Classic. Cont. through Nov. 26. Tues.-Sat. 10 a.m.-4 p.m.; Sun. 1-4 p.m. Admission by donation. 120 E. King St., 717-299-9940.


Watch Portraits, a collection of the unique horological work of photographer Atom Moore. Cont. through Dec. Mon.-Sat. 10 a.m.-5 p.m.; Sun. noon-4 p.m. Included with reg. admission of $9 adults, $8 seniors, $5 children 5-16. (Max of $23 per family.) 514 Poplar St., Columbia, 717-684-8261.


Wild, exhibit by photographer Michael Nichols. Cont. through Sept. 17. Tues.-Sun. 10 a.m.-5 p.m. (Wed. and Fri. main building is until 8:45 p.m.) $20 adults, $18 seniors, $14 children 13-18 and students with ID, free for children 12 and under. 2600 Benjamin Franklin Parkway at 26th St., Phila. 215-763-8100.


Museum houses several galleries with rotating exhibits. Currently: Arab Comics: 90 Years of Popular Visual Culture, Cont. through Dec. 8. Rothman Gallery. Tues., Wed. and Fri. 11:30 a.m.-4:30 p.m.; Thurs. 1:30-4:30 p.m.; Sat. and Sun. 12:30-4:30 p.m. Free. Phillips Museum of Art, Steinman College Center, F&M College. 717-291-3879.


Annual Art of the State. Cont. through Sept. 10. Wed.-Sat. 9 a.m.-5 p.m.; Sun. noon-5 p.m. $7 adults, $6 seniors, $5 children 1-11. 300 North St., Harrisburg. 717-787-6778.


Andrew Wyeth: In Retrospect. Cont. through Sept. 17. Treasures on Trial: The Art and Science of Detecting Fakes. Cont. through Jan. 7. Tues.-Sat. 10 a.m.-5 p.m. $20 adults, $18 seniors and students with ID, $5 children 2-11. Guided tour prices begin at $30 for adults, $28 for seniors and $15 for children 8-11. Call for details. 5105 Kennett Pike (Route 52), Winterthur, Del. (For GPS: 5105 Kennett Pike, Wilmington, Del.) 800-448-3883 or 302-888-4600.

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Entertainment Lancaster Sept. 7-13 Art Calendar – LancasterOnline

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The perspective of a figure-drawing model: Our bodies are art, not objects – The Baylor Lariat09.06.17

By Meredith Wagner | Social Media Editor

A single lightbulb above my head casts precise shadows over my outstretched limbs. I hear nothing but the scratches of charcoal on drawing pads and the occasional pencil dropping. I can do nothing but breathe.

I didnt sign up to pose half-naked in front of my classmates because I felt adequate, or because I thought it would bring any sort of gratification. I wanted to know what it felt like to show my skin and feel, well, human. I wanted to be seen as a work of art as opposed to an object of sexual desire, subject to the predispositions of a sex-driven culture. Most of all, I wanted to break free of my personal insecurities, to come out of the shadows. I figured the best way to do this was to expose myself.

In the studio, I am an object, no different than the boxes or vases students sketch in regular drawing classes. This is not to say that I am being objectified, at least not in the sense of that word we typically associate with human bodies. The objectification I feel is strangely empowering, because the sexual connotations of my being are removed entirely. My hips are studied in relation to the angle of my torso. My legs are the support system of a more complicated structure, like that of a table or chair. My arm is this distance away from my head, which is that distance away from my chest. I am a math equation, a fleshy, bare, glorious puzzle with birthmarks and rough edges, and I dont feel ashamed of it.

Of course, my feeling this way would not be possible if my classmates were not mature. Their viewing my body as a biological map as something to be neutrally studied and admired made it possible to feel free in such a vulnerable setting. My hope (some might call it an overly optimistic fantasy), is that others would be able to feel such freedom in settings where it is not required of their peers to be respectful and supportive. For this to happen, our bodies would need to be seen merely as shells, as containers for the soul, deserving of respect; something beautiful not for any visual reason, but simply because it exists.

Being a figure-drawing model has allowed me the freedom to feel vulnerable, expressive and respected all at once, which is what I hope to see within Baylors campus culture. A humans choice of dress has never been the problem. The problem is the common notion that our bodies are strictly sexual entities. Viewing our bodies instead as art forms can create space for people to be expressive in mature and educational ways, both inside and outside the classroom. This is not to say that we should dress frivolously all the time, or that we should run around near-naked because its freeing. I still think there are appropriate and inappropriate times to use ones body to be expressive, and making that discretion is essential for being taken seriously in professional settings. I propose instead that a mere shift in thinking can make something shameful actually very beautiful, and that, perhaps, a collective shift in mindset can free many of us from feelings of shame or inadequacy.

I dont plan on changing very much by myself. The struggle for respect requires a depth of change far beyond owning ones sexuality or expression of body. Although a body can be a powerful tool for change, it cannot alone address the complexity of the objectification of humans. It begins and ends, rather, with equipping society to think, to question and to wonder beyond their personal inquiries, and to offer respect in return.

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The perspective of a figure-drawing model: Our bodies are art, not objects – The Baylor Lariat

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Madonna Turns to This Dermatologist Facial to Help Tighten and Lift – NewBeauty Magazine (blog)09.06.17


A post shared by Madonna (@madonna) on Sep 4, 2017 at 4:39pm PDT

Madonna just turned 59 years old, but the superstar worksvery hard to not look like it. With an ever-evolving look (shes had so manyover the years), one thing has remained a constant, she has always made herskin care a top priority. So much so that she even launched her own skin careline, MDNA (set to be released in the U.S. later this month). When she needs alittle more than at-home treatment, she relies on PFrankMD Skin Salon in NewYork City for a super charged, state-of-the-art facial that employs more thanone skin care technology.

You May Also Like: Madonna’s New Magnetic Mask Is Coming to the U.S. Soon

The OxyLight facial (with a magnetic MDNA mask add-on) isperformed by aesthetician Edyta Jarosz, costs upwards of $600, and consists of theusual facial protocol like cleansing and exfoliating. After the steps found in a traditionalfacial, things start to get next level. Next comes the MDNA magnetic maskadd-on, made from clay sourced directly from Italys Montecatini mountains. The water fromthe clay of Montecatini is said to have healing properties.

Next, the oxygen part comes in, with a big dose of oxygen tohelp infuse serums applied to the skin, it hydrates and helps the skin absorb the productsused. After the pressurized oxygen, the aesthetician then performs a micro-currenttreatment to stimulate facial muscles and tighten skin, followed by an LED light treatment to improve skin tone and texture.

The idea behind the OxyLight treatment is to stimulate cellsto help initiate the production of healthy cells and lift the facial muscles. Sinceits Madonna approved, we can only assume it does exactly what it says it does because wecant imagine the Queen of Pop would have it any other way.

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Madonna Turns to This Dermatologist Facial to Help Tighten and Lift – NewBeauty Magazine (blog)

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