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Archive for the ‘Tattooing’

Learn How To Tattoo | Tattooing For Beginners06.29.17

We are dedicated to helping out new and upcoming tattoo artist like yourself. The focus is on not only the wonderful and beautiful world of art, and what it entails, but also the RIGHT steps to become a great tattoo artist.

Learning how to tattoo can be a tedious process. Most tattoo artist shun the idea of gaining knowledge through books, videos and more. But we disagree to a point. There is nothing wrong with gaining basic knowledge of tattooing through these sources. What is wrong is going out and tattooing without the right experience and instruction. With that being said, we DO NOT advocate home scratching.

Simply choose which area you want to research and read about below. It is recommended if you are looking to become a tattoo artist, that you do it the right way. Begin by getting your hands on all types of printed information you can first. Elite Tattoo Pro is an excellent starting point. Then, follow that up by watching tattoo videos. During all of this time, work on building your portfolio, and start to learn how you can land a proper apprenticeship.

So are you ready to dive into the knowledge of tattoo artists and learn how to tattoo?

The first step is proper knowledge. This means the basics of tattooing, including proper safety, learning about tattoo machines, inks, needles, and more. The more you know, the better you will become. Having solid background information will make your road to becoming a tattoo artist that much easier. We have covered only the best guides we think can help you on this page.

Once you have become familiar with tattooing, and have read through many of the great guides on the subject, the next step is to actually watch the methods of proper tattooing. Dont rely on videos that you see on places like YouTube. There are just too many videos there that give away bad information on the subject. We have picked out some of the best tattoo videos we think can help you the most here.


Click Here To See The Most Popular Online Tattooing Course On The Planet


As you may have now realized, there are tons of resources for tattoo flash. Some are better than others. Also, some are more expensive as well. In this section we will cover some really great resources for tattoo flash for a beginner. You can use these for real tattooing, or merely for practice. The choice is yours. Read more about these resources on this page.

When it comes to tattoo equipment, you should be highly selective. There are all kinds of suppliers, based in all parts of the world. In many cases, you will get what you pay for. In this section of the website, we will go over many of the suppliers we recommend. These are some of the cream of the crop as far as tattoo equipment suppliers go. Read more here.

Are you hunting for that special ink, with special qualities of vibrant color that lasts? There are many inks on the market, but in this section we will list out some of the best we think you will love! These inks not only last, but they look great and they take to the skin really well. Read more here.

In this section we go over many of the various trade publications in the tattoo market. As the tattoo industry continues to grow, so does the different publications worldwide. And many of them are really excellent to not only look at, but to get a tap on the current tattoo market. Read more here.

Are you a lover of tattoos, and single? Would you like to find a mate who also loves everything tattoos? Luckily, with the power of the Internet, there are a few new websites that now cater to people just like yourself. And the numbers of singles visiting these sites is booming! Check them out here.

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Marshall County Animal Shelter Tattoo Day Raises $5600 – Wheeling Intelligencer06.28.17

Almost 100 people left a permanent mark on the lives of many local animals as they lined up at Hot Rod Tattooing in Martins Ferry on Saturday to get some ink for a good cause.

The event, which was a fundraising effort for the Marshall County Animal Shelter exceeded expectations. Expecting a modest crowd, shelter Director Lauren Cook said she was surprised when they went to set up at Hot Rod Tattooing Saturday morning, and were greeted by people already waiting for them.

By the time the day was done, more than 90 people had received tattoos from the artists, at $50 each, which combined with other donations netted about $5,600 for the shelter.

We got there at around 10:30 and there were people camped out in tents. They spent the night, Cook said. That was our first year, and theyre already talking about doing it next year.

Cook also received a tattoo on her hand, along with several other shelter personnel.

It was awesome. We had a great day, it was fun and we made a lot of money, so we look forward to doing it again, she said. Its something new and different you dont see often. We got a different crowd of people.

Kaila Pearson, who made a trip from Weirton to get some ink, said the volunteers at the event were helpful, and that she would consider going back to future events. The best part, though, was the sight of the adoptable dogs the shelter brought with them.

One of the guys that worked there kept coming out with updates and water for everyone, so that was nice, Pearson said. I loved that they had dogs there with them.

The Marshall County Animal Shelter had recently closed its doors to new adoptions of cats, due to an outbreak of panleukopenia, a disease which affects unvaccinated cats. Two weeks after the initial quarantine, Cook said the shelters cats appear to be in good shape, and will be getting checked by a veterinarian Thursday. If things appear to be in order, the doors to the cat room will reopen.

Everybodys doing well here, so as soon as (the vet) clears it, we can start adopting cats back out again, Cook said. We have a list of people were going to call, to bring them in.

WHEELING POLICE DEPARTMENT Between 8:07 a.m. Monday and 7:32 a.m. Tuesday, officers handled 12 traffic stops, …

A pretrial hearing for accused sex offender Matthew William Gates held Tuesday before Ohio County Circuit Judge …

WHEELING POLICE DEPARTMENT Between 8:07 a.m. Monday and 7:32 a.m. Tuesday, officers handled 12 traffic stops, …

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Man tattoos LeBron James’ crying face on his leg – YourErie06.24.17

Kalen Gilleese, took his disdain for LeBron James to the next level- by tattooing Lebron’s crying face on his leg.

Kalen Gilleese, took his disdain for LeBron James to the next level- by tattooing Lebron’s crying face on his leg.

(CNN) – There are those who don’t detest LeBron James. And then there’s Kalen Gilleese.

The Salt Lake City man took his disdain for King James to the next level — by tattooing LeBron’s crying face on his leg.

Gilleese has always been a big fan of Michael Jordan and the Chicago Bulls, and says he decided to get the ink after constantly hearing James being compared to Jordan.

“He’s always flopping, crying, looking for fouls. I’ve never had a lot of respect for him,” Gilleese told CNN.

Enter Preston Schooley, Gilleese’s friend and roommate who happens to be a fantastic tattoo artist.

“I laughed when he brought the idea to me. I didn’t really believe he’d go through with it,” Schooley said.

The tattoo took three hours to complete, but Gilleese says it’ll bring him a lifetime of joy.

“Every time I look at it I laugh, and I like to show it and make people smile,” he said.

He said he’s got big plans to make the LeBron tattoo part of a sports legend leg sleeve that will eventually feature Tom Brady, Wayne Gretzky and, of course, Michael Jordan.

“LeBron is definitely a legend, but he’s the biggest crybaby legend of all time.”

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Tattooing avocados helps keep up supply of smash hit – The Guardian06.24.17

Avocados for Marks & Spencer are labelled using a laser. Photograph: Martin Godwin for the Guardian

Weve smashed them, scooped them, sliced them and blended them. Now we have started tattooing avocados as retailers battle to feed the UKs growing obsession with the creamy green fruit.

Fruit supplier Mack, based in Kent, handles 1.3m avocados a week for a number of British retailers, and is testing a new Spanish-developed machine for labelling fruit destined for Marks & Spencers shelves.

Cardboard trays of avocados go into a large square contraption and, a few dancing sparks and puffs of smoke later, they emerge the other side with the M&S logo, best before date, country of origin and a till code burned into their skin like an ink-free tattoo.

The British chain hopes to save 10 tonnes of labels and backing paper and five tonnes of adhesive every year by using these lasered labels rather than stickers.

Charlie Curtis, fruit technologist at M&S, adds that laser labelling is also more reliable than stickers which have a tendency to fall off the wrinkly and often slightly damp skins.

Last year M&S sold 12m avocados and sales this year are up more than 29%.

Adam Shaw, a technical manager at Mack, said demand for avos was rising so fast and we dont see it stopping any time soon that the firm has had to add four new specialist ripening rooms for the fruit, taking its total to 16.

Ensuring avocados are ready for mashing on to your breakfast toast is not an easy business. The fruits arrive in the UK graded by size but unripe and hard. They then go into the ripening rooms where they are wafted with warm air for five days.

They are then tested to ensure the avocados are ripe enough for packing: a few sample fruits are stripped of their skin and a gadget called a penetrometer or a fruit texture analyser is used to measure hardness.

A more automated system is on trial which can test lots of fruit by tapping it and listening to the echo. But the system is not yet perfect Shaw says it needs tweaking so that it can work on fruits with different sizes of stone.

The human touch, however, is still required. Once ripened, the avocados are cooled and hand checked by a group of expert avocado feelers who can tell if a fruit is ripe and ready by just holding and looking at it, but never bruising it.

Avoiding waste is becoming more important as it has been harder than usual to source avocados this summer and prices have risen. The wholesale price of avocados in the UK has more than doubled from 37.5p in January to 77.5p this week, according to analysts at Mintec.

Fruit from Peru and South Africa is usually in ready supply at this time of year. But supplies have tightened after a late harvest in Mexico, flooding in Peru and drought in California. Strikes by workers in Mexico, which accounts for up to 70% of global avocado production, have added to the problems.

Also 2017 is a down year for the crop: avocados naturally alternate between good and poor years for harvest yields.

Shaw said the company has turned to new sources of supply in Colombia as it has become more difficult to meet demand for a fruit which has overtaken berries as its fastest growing product.

Availability has been tough and the rise in demand from the far east and Asia has also played a part. There is global demand for this fruit, he said.

Back in the Mack packhouse M&S will soon start more laser trials : avocados, they say, may be just the beginning. The Spanish Laser Food company, which makes the branding machines, has already tested its technology on other kinds of fruit and veg including melons, pumpkins and nectarines.

And M&S has big plans to use the tattoo technology for fun rather than just cost saving reasons – like drawing spooky faces on pumpkins to make it easier for shoppers to cut out Halloween lanterns, and to put smileys on nectarines to make them more appealing to children.

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Irezumi – Wikipedia06.21.17

Irezumi is any of several forms of traditional Japanese tattooing, along with certain modern forms derived from or inspired by these.

In Japanese, the word can be written in several ways, each with slightly different connotations. The most common way of writing irezumi is with the Chinese characters or , literally meaning to “insert ink”. The characters (also pronounced bunshin) suggest “decorating the body”. is more esoteric, being written with the characters for “stay” or “remain” and “blue” or “green”, and probably refers to the appearance of the main shading ink under the skin. (meaning “tattooing”) is rarely used, and the characters combine the meanings “pierce”, “stab”, or “prick”, and “blue” or “green”, referring to the traditional Japanese method of tattooing by hand.

Tattooing for spiritual and decorative purposes in Japan is thought to extend back to at least the Jmon or paleolithic period (approximately 10,000 BC). Some scholars have suggested that the distinctive cord-marked patterns observed on the faces and bodies of figures dated to that period represent tattoos, but this claim is by no means unanimously accepted. There are similarities, however, between such markings and the tattoo traditions observed in other contemporaneous cultures.

In the following Yayoi period (c. 300 BC300 AD) tattoo designs were observed and remarked upon by Chinese visitors. Such designs were thought to have spiritual significance as well as functioning as a status symbol.

Starting in the Kofun period (300600 AD) tattoos began to assume negative connotations. Instead of being used for ritual or status purposes, tattooed marks began to be placed on criminals as a punishment.

The Ainu people, an indigenous people of Japan, are known to have used tattoos for decorative and social purposes. There is no known relation to the development of irezumi.

Until the Edo period (16001868 AD), the role of tattoos in Japanese society fluctuated. Tattooed marks were still used as punishment, but minor fads for decorative tattoos, some featuring designs that would be completed only when lovers’ hands were joined, also came and went. It was in the Edo period however, that Japanese decorative tattooing began to develop into the advanced art form it is known as today.[1]

The impetus for the development of the art were the development of the art of woodblock printing and the release of the popular Chinese novel Suikoden, a tale of rebel courage and manly bravery illustrated with lavish woodblock prints showing men in heroic scenes, their bodies decorated with dragons and other mythical beasts, flowers, ferocious tigers[2] and religious images. The novel was an immediate success, and demand for the type of tattoos seen in its illustrations was simultaneous.

Woodblock artists began tattooing.[citation needed] They used many of the same tools for imprinting designs in human flesh as they did to create their woodblock prints, including chisels, gouges and, most importantly, unique ink known as Nara ink, or Nara black, the ink that famously turns blue-green under the skin. There is academic debate over who wore these elaborate tattoos. Some scholars say that it was the lower classes who woreand flauntedsuch tattoos. Others claim that wealthy merchants, barred by law from flaunting their wealth, wore expensive irezumi under their clothes. It is known for certain that irezumi became associated with firemen, dashing figures of bravery and roguish sex-appeal, who wore them as a form of spiritual protection.

At the beginning of the Meiji period the Japanese government, wanting to protect its image and make a good impression on the West and to avoid ridicule, outlawed tattoos, and irezumi took on connotations of criminality. Nevertheless, fascinated foreigners went to Japan seeking the skills of tattoo artists, and traditional tattooing continued underground. Tattooing was legalized by the occupation forces in 1948,[3] but has retained its image of criminality. For many years, traditional Japanese tattoos were associated with the yakuza, Japan’s notorious mafia, and many businesses in Japan (such as public baths, fitness centers and hot springs) still ban customers with tattoos.[4]

Although tattoos have gained popularity amongst the youth of Japan due to Western influence, there is still a stigma on them amongst the general consensus. Unlike the US, even finding a tattoo shop in Japan may prove difficult, with tattoo shops primarily placed in areas that are very tourist or US military friendly. According to Kunihiro Shimada, the president of the Japan Tattoo Institute, Today, thanks to years of government suppression, there are perhaps 300 tattoo artists in Japan.[5]

There are even current political repercussions for tattoos in Japan. In 2012, the then mayor of Osaka, Toru Hashimoto, started a campaign to rid companies of their employees with tattoos. According to an article written about Hashimoto He is on a mission to force workers in his government to admit to any tattoos in obvious places. If they have them, they should remove themor find work elsewhere.[6] Hashimotos beliefs were fairly well received by the public as well, with many large companies who were already tattoo-phobic, siding with him.[citation needed] Modern tattoos in Japan are done similarly to western ones. Unlike traditional irezumi, where the majority of the tattoo decision making is left up to the artist, customers bring in a design of their choice or can decide on what they would like at the shop. Many Japanese artists are well-versed in multiple styles besides traditional Japanese tattoos, giving customers the ability to select from a wide assortment of options, anywhere from tribal to new age styles. Modern tattoos are done via an electric machine, in which the ink can be inserted into the machine or the needle tip can be dipped into ink for application. Japanese artists are lauded for their quality of work, despite being a bit pricey, and are highly sought after. Despite widespread discrimination towards people with tattoos, with rules that prohibit tattooed people into hot springs, golf courses and gyms, it is still one of the best places in the world to get the best quality ink jobs.[7]

Despite the majority of modern tattooing being done by needle gun, irezumi is still done traditionally. The ancient tattoo style is still done by specialist tattooists, who might be difficult to find. Unlike western style tattoo artists, the majority of traditional irezumi artists arent located in the Tokyo area. It is painful, time-consuming and expensive: a typical traditional body suit (covering the arms, back, upper legs and chest, but leaving an untattooed space down the center of the body) can take one to five years of weekly visits to complete and cost in excess of US$30,000. The process is also much more formal than western tattooing. Whereas western tattoo artists tend to do exactly what the customer wants, traditional irezumi artists tend to go back and forth with the customer and discuss what they would like the tattoo to look like as well as reserve the right to refuse service. Rather than electric guns, wooden handles and metal needles attached via silk thread are utilized.[8]

The prospective tattooee must first find a traditional tattoo artist. This in itself can be a daunting task (though it has been made easier by advent of the Internet) because such artists are often surprisingly secretive, and introductions are frequently made by word of mouth only.

Traditional tattoo artists train for many years under a master. They will sometimes live in the master’s house, and may spend years cleaning the studio, observing, practicing on their own flesh, making the needles and other tools required, mixing inks, and painstakingly copying designs from the master’s book before they are allowed to tattoo clients. They must master all the intricate skillsunique styles of shading, the techniques used for tattooing by handrequired to create the tattoos their clients will request. They will usually be given a tattoo name by their master, most often incorporating the word “hori” (to engrave) and a syllable derived from the master’s own name or some other significant word. In some cases, the apprentice will take the master’s name, and will become The Second or Third (and so on).

After an initial consultation during which the client will discuss with the tattooist the designs they are interested in, the work begins with the tattooing of the outline. This will usually be done in one sitting, often freehand (without the use of a stencil), which may require several hours to complete. When the outline is complete, the shading and colouring is done in weekly visits, whenever the client has money to spare.[9] When the tattoo is finished, the artist will “sign” his name in a space reserved for that purpose, most often somewhere on the back.

Wearers of traditional tattoos can often afford little else. They frequently keep their art secret, as tattoos are still seen as a sign of criminality in Japan, particularly by older people and in the work place. Ironically, many yakuza and other criminals themselves now avoid tattoos for this very reason.

Some common images in traditional Japanese tattoos include:

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MTSU adjunct/state archaeologist will reveal historic tattoo practices in June 24 public talk – Wgnsradio06.21.17

Aaron Deter-Wolf inspects an archaeology site in this photo from the Tennessee Division of Archaeology.

MTSU adjunct professor and state prehistoric archaeologist Aaron Deter-Wolf will discuss his research on ancient tattoo practices Saturday, June 24, as the special guest of the Rutherford County Archaeological Society.

The free public discussion of “Tattooing in Antiquity” will begin at noon June 24 at the Heritage Center of Murfreesboro, located just off the Public Square at 225 W. College St.

An internationally recognized authority on ancient tattoos, Deter-Wolf works for the Tennessee Division of Archaeology in the state Department of Environment and Conservation and has taught courses since 2009 in MTSU’s Department of Sociology and Anthropology in the College of Liberal Arts. His June 24 presentation will cover recent discoveries in tattoo archaeology, including his research into ancient Native American tools. He’s currently working on “Ancient Ink: The Archaeology of Tattooing,” the first book devoted to studying the practice via archaeology, and was senior editor for the 2013 book “Drawing with Great Needles: Ancient Tattoo Traditions of North America.”

Deter-Wolf shared his expertise on the oldest known human tattoos in existence on a 2016 episode of PBS’s “NOVA” program, “Iceman Reborn,” when he explained his discovery disproving the conventional wisdom that a mummy from the Chinchorro culture found in 1983 in Chile had the oldest tattoos on record. The true record-holder is a 5,300-year-old mummy nicknamed “tzi the Iceman,” discovered in the tzal Alps mountain range along the Austria-Italy border in 1991.

His current research also includes shell-bearing Archaic sites in Tennessee’s Middle Cumberland River Valley and foodways archaeology in the Southeastern United States. Along with his lengthy membership in the Tennessee Council for Professional Archaeology, Deter-Wolf is a board member of the international Center for Tattoo History and Culture.

The Rutherford County Archaeological Society meets monthly at the Heritage Center and welcomes guest speakers, the community and professional archaeologists to discuss the county’s past and how to document and learn from it.

For more information on the Rutherford County Archaeological Society, visit

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Tattoos provide students with a creative outlet – The State Press – The State Press06.21.17

Getting inked is a valuable act of self expression, as well as a form of art

Jamone Wrightposes for a portrait at Tattooed Planet in Tempe on June 13, 2017.

People have used tattoosto express themselvesfor generations. Many tattoos hold special meanings or memories that someone has chosen to have permanently etched onto their skin.

For many students, getting a tattoo is a way of expressing their creativity and emotions. Tattoos are a form of art.

Having a tattoo can mean different things to different people. For some, tattoos can provide a sense of comfort and familiarity. People get a sense of relief knowing that they chose the art that will be on them and that the art will be there forever.

Tattoos also represent rebellion and free speech. Tattoos are slowly gaining approvalin todays society, and having multiple only draws more attention, wanted or not. With so many people trying toundermine millennials, it is important that students stick together and support one another with how they choose to express themselves.

WithTattooed Planet being basically on the ASU Tempe campus,it is not surprising that many of its customers are part of a younger crowd.

Jamone Wright has worked at Tattooed Planet for about two years, with close to eight years of tattoo experience total.

He said a fun part of the job is meeting new people.

You get to learn so much about people from all over the world, Wright said. “Theres been a lot of opportunity to learn something new when Im tattooing someone.

Though I dont personally have a tattoo, I think it is important for people, especially todays youth, to find ways to express themselves.

Tattoos are also a wayfor artists to express their own creativity.

Its a gift, its a craft, its a trade that someone has handed down to me,” Wright said.”I dont care if youre the greatest artist in the world, tattooing is not the same as drawing on paper, or painting, or anything like that. Its its own craft.”

People may come in with ideas or renditions of the work they want, but it is important to let the artist also add his or her input.

Wright said it is important for those getting tattoos to trust the artist and be open to ideas.

If theyre walking into a professionalplace, trust that they know theyre in a professional atmosphere and that anything that the artist is trying to recommend to them or any advice that the artist is trying to give them, that they should really take in to that,Wright said. We specialize in leaving permanent marks on people, so were definitely going to try to help you get the best permanent mark that youre going to have for the rest of your life.

Despite the effort and patience artists devote to their clients, as well as the value of expression that comes with getting inked,tattoos still have amixed reputation.

As time goes on, I can only hope people will grow to appreciate tattoos for the art that they are. The amount of creativity and freedom of expression involved in the process should be enough for all people to at least respect tattoos and what theyrepresent.

Reach the columnist or follow@thedominiquez on Twitter.

Editors note: The opinions presented in this column are the authors and do not imply any endorsement from The State Press or its editors.

Want to join the conversation? Send an email to Keep letters under 500 words and be sure to include your university affiliation. Anonymity will not be granted.

LikeThe State Press on Facebook and follow@statepress on Twitter.

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Marks & Spencer to start TATTOOING its avocados with lasers to try and ditch ten tonnes of packaging each year – The Sun06.19.17

The avocados will be marked with the M&S logo, best before date, country of origin and product code for entering at the till

A SUPERMARKET is to begin tattooing avocados with lasers rather than using stickers in a move that will save ten tonnes of paper and five tonnes of glue every year.

Marks & Spencer said a successful trial could lead to the initiative being rolled out to other fruits and vegetables.

PA:Press Association

PA:Press Association

It believes the move, which will use less energy and lead to a lower carbon footprint, is the first for the UK.

The labelling works by shining intense light onto the avocados skin, which retracts back and discolours only the very top layer meaning it does not damage the fruit.

The avocados are marked with the M&S logo, best before date, country of origin and product code for entering at the till.

M&S fruit technologist, Charlie Curtis, said: When we first saw the technology in Sweden a couple of years ago, I knew we had to get involved.

Weve been following it for a while and are so excited to finally be launching it on avocados.

Sustainability is at the heart of our business and the laser labelling is a brilliant way for us to reduce packaging and energy use.

M&S first introduced avocados back in 1968 as an Avocado Pear, which customers enjoyed as a dessert with custard.

Last year the retailer sold 12 million avocados, with sales up 29 per cent on the previous year.

The retailer trialled a similar laser technique a few years ago on citrus fruit using a different technology, but, while it looked effective and was quick to apply, it caused a slight deterioration in skin quality and was discontinued.

Mr Curtis said: “Providing all goes well with the avocado lasering, we could look at rolling the technology out to all sorts of other fruit and vegetables in the future.

“We have the potential to reduce packaging exponentially which is very exciting.”

The laser-labelled avocados are available from Thursday in selected stores.

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Explosion In Tattooing, Piercing Tests State Regulators | HuffPost – HuffPost06.17.17

Nearly four in 10 people born after 1980 have a tattoo, and one in four have a piercing some place other than an earlobe.

The Associated Press

Anyone who goes into a tattoo parlor in North Carolina can be assured that it has a permit from the state health department and that inspectors have checked the premises for safe and sanitary conditions.

But go for a body piercing in the Tarheel State and theres no such protection. A state law, approved in the 1990s, regulates tattoos but doesnt apply to other forms of body art.

Most people think its all regulated, said state Rep. Kevin Corbin, a Republican. But we found out theres no law on the books.

North Carolina is not alone. State legislators and health officials across the country are trying to keep up with the growing popularity and evolving trends of body art.

Health officials worry that unregulated body art studios may not follow safe practices, which can lead to scarring, nerve damage and infections, including hepatitis C, the leading cause of liver cancer in the U.S.

The body art industry is much more nimble than the government, said Doug Farquhar, who tracks body art legislation in the states as the director of environmental health for the National Conference of State Legislatures.

Nearly four in 10 people born after 1980 have a tattoo and one in four have a piercing some place other than an earlobe, the Pew Research Center has reported. (The Pew Charitable Trusts funds both the center and Stateline.)

Besides tattoos and pierced navels, todays self-expression through body art may include branding, scarification (scratching, etching or cutting to produce a design in the skin), or subdermal implants (placing objects under the skin for ornamentation).

Nearly every state has some type of body art law, but laws vary widely. Most states do agree on one thing: age limits. At least 45 states prohibit minors from getting tattoos, and 38 states prohibit body piercing and tattooing minors without parental permission, according to NCSL.

In the last four years, states have considered 167 bills on body art and tattooing, and 33 have become law, Farquhar said.

Oregon, for example, extensively rewrote its tattooing regulations in 2012, updated them last year, and in January clarified that microblading, in which a practitioner uses fine needles and pigment to create eyebrow hairs, is tattooing and not an aesthetic, or cosmetic, practice.

Oregon requires practitioners to have hundreds of hours of training and pass written exams before being licensed for specific types of body art. Georgia is among states that do not regulate or certify the body art industry, but most Georgia counties have adopted ordinances.

Maryland does not license body artists, though it requires them to use sterile instruments, wash their hands, wear disposable gloves during procedures, and cleanse customers skin. They also must maintain three years of customer records and make them available to health officers if requested.

But some Maryland localities, such as Baltimore, do require licenses. In Nevada, which has no state body art regulations, local ordinances, such as in Las Vegas Clark County, prevail.

North Carolina is one of at least six states considering body art legislation this year. Corbin co-sponsored a bill updating the tattoo law to include other types of body art. It passed the state House in April and is under consideration in the Senate.

The sharp increase in hepatitis C cases in the last few years has intensified states concern about sterile and sanitized needles and equipment and associated health and safety training.

The number of new hepatitis C infections in the United States tripled between 2010 and 2015, to more than 2,400, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported last month. The CDC blames the increase on the rise of injection drug use associated with the opioid epidemic and says major research studies have not shown hepatitis C to be spread through licensed, commercial tattooing facilities.

However, the CDC said, transmission of Hepatitis C (and other infectious diseases) is possible when poor infection-control practices are used during tattooing or piercing.

Corbin was a Macon County commissioner last year and a candidate for the North Carolina state Legislature when he heard from his county health officers about the rising rate of hepatitis C and the gap in state law regulating body art.

Macon County environmental health specialist Jonathan Fouts explained his frustration inspecting a tattoo shop: Usually beside the tattoo room is the piercing room. I felt like I was only doing half of what I should be doing, since I couldnt say anything about the piercings and needles.

Corbin took the problem to the North Carolina Association of County Commissioners, which made a body art bill a legislative priority. Then the freshman representative took the issue to Raleigh.

I dont personally have any piercings and I dont plan to have any, but if someone wants to have them, more power to them, Corbin said. We want them to be safe.

Health officials have worried about the health risks of tattooing for decades. New York City banned tattooing in 1961, citing concerns about hepatitis, a virus that attacks the liver. Tattooing continued underground, however, and the ban was eventually lifted in 1997.

In 2015, New York Gov. Andrew Cuomo signed a law requiring tattoo artists to use single-use ink and needles. The body art community protested that the laws language was overly broad, and Cuomo, a Democrat, rescinded the measure. The state Health Department is developing new rules.

The American Red Cross requires someone who has had a tattoo to wait one year to donate blood if the tattoo was applied in a state that does not regulate tattoo facilities Georgia, Idaho, Maryland, Massachusetts, Nevada, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Utah, Wyoming, and the District of Columbia. No waiting period is required if the tattoo was applied in a state that requires tattoo shops to use sterile needles and single-use ink.

Another potential health risk is tattoo ink, which is not regulated or tested by the federal government. But no outbreaks of infection from contaminated ink have occurred since 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration reports.

Its unusual for any industry to want regulation, but body art practitioners say regulations make everyone safer. In the absence of comprehensive government rules, the Association of Professional Piercers adopted its own standards. The association also offers online, industry-specific training in how to minimize the hazards of bloodborne pathogens, such as hepatitis and HIV.

State legislators, recognizing that they arent experts in body-art best practices, often call on body art practitioners to help write and enforce laws.

San Francisco body piercer Steve Joyner of the Association of Professional Piercers has helped about two-dozen states write legislation over the last two decades, an experience he describes as eye-opening.

The downfall of politicians is that they really dont understand our industry, he said, adding that many state legislators have never set foot in a tattoo or piercing studio.

Joyner is working with the National Environmental Health Association and the Association of Food and Drug Officials to update the national Body Art Model Code.

The old code was written in the 1990s, when bloodborne pathogens and medical waste disposal didnt get as much attention as they do today. States and localities will be able to adapt the new code to their needs.

Its meant as a guide to best practices for regulators and also for the regulated community, said Sandra Whitehead, director of program and partnership development for the environmental health association.

The code-writing committee, which includes industry representatives and state and local health workers, has been working a year and a half. The goal is to publish the new code in October.

When you have everybody at the table, it takes a little longer, Whitehead said.

One of the first instances of body art practitioners asking to be regulated was in Florida, where a piercing law was enacted in 1999 with input from the industry. Tattooists soon started lobbying for state regulations too.

The tattoo industry wanted to pedigree their profession. Thats the word they used, said Gina Vallone-Hood, environmental administrator for the Florida Department of Healths Bureau of Environmental Health.

The Florida Legislature passed a tattoo law in 2010, and the Department of Health started licensing tattoo artists in 2012. Currently 450 piercing shops and 6,000 tattooists are licensed in Florida.

Michael Crea, a piercer for 20 years who owns a shop in Sarasota, is president of the Florida Environmental Health Association. Crea also runs the states body piercing certification class that is required for piercers.

You really dont want people working out of their house, he said. We do deal with blood and body fluids. We break the skin. You can be spreading hepatitis, MRSA [methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus] or AIDS, and you dont want that.

But Crea and other body art practitioners say that even when regulations are on the books, enforcement can be weak. Health inspectors often are responsible for checking out a wide range of potential hazards from septic tanks to swimming pools and cant be expert in everything.

Thats why the environmental health association will feature a live tattooing demonstration at its annual conference in July in Grand Rapids, Michigan.

It will be a safe space for health inspectors to ask questions, said Christl Tate of the environmental health group. Our mutual goal is protecting the public health.

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Explosion In Tattooing, Piercing Tests State Regulators | HuffPost – HuffPost

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A Dermatologist Busts the Most Common Myths About Tattoos – Inverse06.15.17

No, getting inked won’t give you cancer.

Heres a general rule most people live by: Dont get poked with a needle unless absolutely necessary and even then only by a medical professional.

But theres a big exception to that rule: tattoos. In 2016, a poll found that three in 10 American adults had permanent ink splayed on their skin; Pew has put that number as high as four in 10 among Millennials.

And yet, tattoo artists arent considered medical professionals. (Okay, theres no reason a tattoo artist couldnt be a retired doctor or nurse; its just not the norm.) And while tattooing is certainly art, its an art form deeply intertwined with dermatological science.

Major medical sources like the FDA have pointed to ink ingredients being similar to that of printer toners, but thats muddled the science a bit too, in that tattoos arent necessarily made of unsafe ink that will slowly poison your body.

University of Rochester Medical Center dermatologist and skin cancer expertSherrif Ibrahim explains the science of tattooing, and busts common myths of tattooing.

Imagine an ink so thick and binding and sticky that once its applied to a surface any surface that surface is stained forever. It can never be cleaned.

Now dump that ink over someones arm. It would fix to their skin, a splatter stain that would last for weeks or months. But soon enough it would disappear.

If you look at the epidermis, or outer layer of the skin, it looks like a nice brick wall, Ibrahim said. Those bricks and mortar are cells keratinocytes and melanocytes and theres a lot of activity going on within those cells.

Like every cell in a body, skin cells have life cycles and quick ones. Pretty much every couple months you have a new epidermis. So anything in the epidermis would never be permanent, Ibrahim said.

Thats why tattooists use needles to dig under the epidermis to deposit pigment a full layer down, in the dermis.

The dermis is mostly made up of connective tissues like collagen and elastin, with a few cells known as fibroblasts strong between them. With less cellular activity going on down there, balls of ink can slip in among the local tissues and hang out for years.

The pigment doesnt have to lodge that deep in the skin to stick around, Ibrahim said. On a persons back, for example, the epidermis doesnt get more than 150 microns thick, just a fragment of a millimeter.

Thats why youll never see something thats really black, Ibrahim said. [A black tattoo] almost has a bluish tint to it, because you get some refraction of the light as the black passes through the superficial dermis and the epidermis.

Ask Google whether tattoos cause cancer, and youll get some alarming results.

A 2016 article in The Independent opens with an alarming claim: Tattoos can cause cancer and mutations and one color is potentially more toxic than others, according to scientists. The Guardian is a bit more measured, reporting that tattoo inks may contain cancer-causing chemicals.

These articles are sourced to a single report that finds certain tattoo inks contain chemicals associated with health problems, including cancers.

Heres the deal: While in many places there are laws requiring tattoo shops to meet basic health and safety guidelines in how they use needles, theres little regulation covering the inks those needles inject. The report in question takes a stab at examining those links, and opens the door to future research into possible risks from certain brands.

Theres no reason, in other words, to think getting a tattoo is going to cause cancer to bloom in a persons skin. A deep review70340-0/fulltext?rss=yes) of the research on skin cancer and tattoos published in The Lancet found a grand total of 50 cases of cancer growing on tattoos, despite concerns about carcinogenic ink. That puts the relationship between the ink and cancers squarely in coincidental territory, the authors write.

Asked whether he worries about tattoos causing cancer for his patients, Ibrahim said, simply, No.

I think years ago there was a much higher risk for communicative diseases, in particular hepatitis from dirty needles. I dont really think people are going to those types of tattoo places anymore. Theres risk any time you break the skin of infection. There are risks of changing your mind thats the biggest one I think, regret, Ibrahim said.

The most serious danger of a tattoo is a bad allergic reaction to the ink itself. There are really allergic reactions, where a particular pigment causes thickening or keloiding of the area. And that looks and feels terrible. But thats pretty rare. Red pigments in particular seem to risk causing a bad reaction, Ibrahim said.

Ibrahim says that the most worrisome side effect of a tattoo is actually far more practical but overlooked. What I see as someone who treats skin cancer, especially in people who have sleeve tattoos, large areas on the back, and so forth, is that you cant always see a skin cancer. Its not that the tattoo caused it, its just that it can mask it, he said. The more area covered in tattoo, the more serious that risk is, and the more the tattooed person should pay attention to minute changes within their skin.

Someone Googling tattoos would also learn that that for inked-up folks, sun is the enemy. Conventional wisdom in tattoo shops holds that the suns ultraviolet light will penetrate the epidermis and wreck the pigment buried deep in the dermis.

Ibrahim is skeptical, though. Its a question of where it is in your body and whether that UV can reach it. UV can reach the superficial dermis, but not I dont think [it would fade a tattoo], he said. The UV from sun and other sources just dont make it that deep.

Most of a tattoos fading over time is the result of the bodys natural processes. Microphages cells that wander the body looking for gunk to clean out will eventually clear many of the globs of ink out of the dermis. But that can take decades.

That said, it cant hurt to protect skin from UV light and it will save lives. Even people who tan but never burn are at risk of deadly diseases if they let their skin darken without sunscreen.

Lets say youre regretting that tat of your everlasting love to your ex. What do you do? Laser removal has proven promising, which involves shooting lasers, tuned to the pigment of the target ink, deep into the skin. [The laser] heats the tattoo particles very quickly, very rapidly, so [the balls of pigment] basically explode into very, very, very, tiny particles, Ibrahim said. Notably, the technology for doing so has improved dramatically over the years, with super-short laser bursts heating the pigment faster, requiring fewer sessions and therefore less pain.

That doesnt mean a person should view a tattoo as temporary: Tattoo removal comes with some steep expenses, along with risks of pain, scarring, and the removal process simply not working.

The science of tats are evolving and slowly improving. One myth that seems to stand the test of time? The fact that tattooed dudes are deemed pretty freaking hot. That, combined with research indicating that tattoos might actually be a boon for the immune system, make getting inked a lifestyle choice that might not be so bad after all.

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A Dermatologist Busts the Most Common Myths About Tattoos – Inverse

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