Noemi "Noi" Kaiser
Rock & Roll Tattoo
2457 E Commercial Blvd
Fort Lauderdale, 33308 Florida
Call: 1-954-397-4882

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How to Become Certified in North Carolina as a Tattoo …03.04.19

North Carolina doesn’t license tattoo artists based on their skill. However, the state’s public health department regulates tattooing for safety reasons, to prevent the spread of infection through unsterilized equipment. The department requires tattoo artists to be licensed. Tattoo parlors must also be licensed. Artists must renew their certification annually. The fee varies in each county, but a check of several counties at the time of publication showed a range between $200 and $300 for the first certification, with some counties charging less for renewals.

Learn the laws and regulations associated with tattooing in North Carolina. For instance, tattooing a person under the age of 18 is against the law. You must keep records on the name and address of each customer for at least two years. It’s illegal to smoke, drink or eat while working on a customer. Any post-tattoo infection that a customer tells you about must be reported to the local health department.

Find a tattoo shop where you can work. Tattoo licenses are issued to specific artists working at a specific shop; if you move to another shop, you must reapply for a license and pay another fee. If you are new to the field, apply to be an apprentice at a shop. You will need to be licensed whether you are an artist or an apprentice.

Complete an application for licensing through the North Carolina Department of Environmental Health. Look on the website of the county where you live for a downloadable form on the health department’s page. Submit the form at least 30 days before you plan to begin work and include payment.

Ronda Carter is a writer and editor with more than 10 years of journalism experience. She has written a weekly syndicated column on consumer issues. She works as a public relations consultant, advising clients on media strategies and business development. Carter holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from University of North Carolina at Greensboro.

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Boca Raton, FL Laser Hair Removal | Tattoo … – Body Details03.03.19

How much does laser hair removal cost?

The cost of laser hair removal in Boca Raton is affected by numerous factors and varies per individual. The main goal of your free consultation is to determine the best option for you. We offer all inclusive packages that are customized to your hair or tattoo removal needs and backed by our Free Lifetime Guarantee.

There are many areas to treat at laser hair removal Boca Raton, see the chart on this page. Our True Laser is safe for legs, arms, back, underarms and facial hair removal.

The vast majority of people are candidates for laser hair removal or laser tattoo removal. At Body Details, we offer laser hair removal treatments for men and women of any skin type.

We will select the laser settings to use based on in-person examination of your skin color and make refinements based on the thickness, color and location of the hair being removed. Our specialist will conduct a brief test to ensure a positive response and the session will proceed. After your Boca Raton laser hair removal treatment session is finished, you may (or may not) be given ice packs or anti-inflammatory creams to ease any discomfort. You may schedule your next treatment 10 weeks later.

Because hair naturally grows in cycles, most patients need at least 5 10 laser hair removal treatments in Boca Raton to fully remove unwanted hair. This characteristic of hair growth and removal is another reason why we offer package pricing backed by our Free Lifetime Guarantee!

Laser skin rejuvenation used to be considered an invasive procedure that a plastic surgeon had to perform. The treatment took nearly an hour depending on the size of the area being worked on, and it would create open wounds that required several days or weeks to heal. Today, doctors use nonablative lasers. This technology allows them to perform laser skin rejuvenation in as little as ten minutes with little or no down time.

Skin rejuvenation treats many skin imperfections including scars, large pores, wrinkles, elasticity, sunspots, acne scars, age spots, and other discoloration without making you take time off of work. The treated area might experience some redness, but for the most part it will be completely unnoticeable. These newer types of laser rejuvenation treatments are noninvasive and much safer than those that were popular in the past.

Our bodies break down the pigment in tattoo ink because its recognized as a foreign object. This is why tattoos naturally fade over time. Lasers are used to accelerate the process by targeting the pigment and breaking it up into smaller pieces. This makes it easier for the bodys immune system to remove the ink particles through the waste system.

Different wavelengths are used to remove unwanted ink depending on a persons skin color, skin type, and the colors of the ink. The ink will then fade in between laser sessions, which is why they are spread ten weeks apart.

For laser hair removal, tattoo removal, or skin rejuvenation in Boca Raton call Body Details at (561) 727-1025 to set up a free consultation.

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Tattoo Removal – Sanctuary Medical03.03.19

Located in Boca Raton and serving the residents of West Palm Beach and all of South Florida, Sanctuary Medical Center offers tattoo removal to those who want to remove unwanted tattoos via cosmetic laser treatment.

Laser therapy is a new and innovative way to remove unwanted tattoos. We use a Q-switched laser to deliver very quick pulses of light to the targeted area. The ink absorbs the light and breaks down the pigment. After that, the bodys natural healing process begins, and the white blood cells remove the discarded pigment from the body.

Because each treatment involves two stepsone, to perform the laser treatment on the tattoo itself and two, to allow the target area sufficient time to healthe process usually takes about eight weeks. Depending on the age of the tattoo, the colors, and depth of the ink, it may involve several sessions. With todays detailed artwork, many tattoos require eight to ten sessions to be fully removed. It is important to note that removal usually does not mean that the tattoos disappear but are, instead, greatly diminished.

The discomfort is dependent on the laser used, the area of the tattoo, and the color and depth of the ink. Most patients report very little discomfort as a topical anesthetic is applied prior to beginning the treatment.

The duration depends on the size of the tattoo as well as the colors and depth of the ink. It may take as little as 15 minutes for a smaller, single color tattoo, but it can take as much as an hour or more for a larger, multi-color tattoo that covers a wide area.

Following treatment, we apply a petroleum ointment that must be continually applied at home so that the treated area remains moist. Do not scrub or use harsh soaps when bathing, and avoid hot tubs and swimming until the area has completely healed. Be sure to wear a broad-spectrum sunscreen with a minimum of SPF 30, as well as a physical block against sunburn on already-sensitive skin.

The cost for tattoo removal is as varied as each tattoo and depends greatly on the amount of detail in the tattoo. During your consultation, we will examine and evaluate your tattoo to determine the best treatment for you. At that time, we can discuss the cost as well as available financing options.

Please call either of our offices to schedule your initial consultation. We will evaluate your tattoo and make a recommendation for the best course of action.

The physicians and staff at Sanctuary Medical Center in Boca Raton provide personalized care for all our Cosmetic Laser Dermatology patients. We use the most advanced technologies in dermatology to help our patients maintain optimum skin health and restore self-confidence by revitalizing their appearance. To receive more information or schedule a consultation, give us a call at 561.886.0970 to speak with our friendly staff or click the button below.

Schedule Your Consultation

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Tattoo Removal in Boca Raton, FL | Boca Laser Tattoo …03.03.19

Farber Plastic Surgery, led by Scott T. Farber, MD, FACS, a board-certified plastic and reconstructive surgeon and a Diplomate of the American Board of Plastic Surgery, is dedicated to providing each patient with high-quality, personalized care. Dr. Farber offers tattoo removal to patients that travel throughout Florida, across the United States and internationally.

Old loves, radical designs, mementos of a Vegas weekend, and tributes to Mom Dr. Farber has seen them all. Tattoos can be artistic expressions that let people know more about you, but what if you change and the tattoo no longer fits who you are now?

Laser tattoo removal is an option for people who prefer not to cover up their tattoos with clothing or another tattoo. The techniques used for removal have improved in recent years, but the outcome of removal depends on several factors, such as the age of the tattoo, colors used, and skill of the tattoo artist.

The most common reason that people are not able to undergo laser tattoo removal is scarring. Dr. Farber examines your tattoo for signs of scarring and other indications to determine if the treatment will remove your tattoo. He will also advise you on the expected outcome of the treatment.

Scott Farber, MD, FACS, is a fourth-generation surgeon with over ten years of medical and surgical training who has distinguished himself in the fields of cosmetic and reconstructive plastic surgery with both his academic achievements and esteemed surgical training. Dr. Farber was trained in New York by three of the biggest names in plastic surgery Dr. Sherrell Aston, Dr. Daniel Baker, and Dr. Alan Matarasso. As a native of southern Florida, Dr. Farber is excited to work with patients in Boca Raton and surrounding communities to help them look and feel their absolute best. Dr. Farber uses only the most advanced surgical techniques, and when combined with his unparalleled training and proven techniques, he provides his patients with the utmost excellence in care.

Dr. Farber sets himself apart from other plastic surgeons with his philosophy on cosmetic and reconstructive procedures. In addition to the advances in techniques and technologies that are used by Dr. Farber for cosmetic procedures, the field of plastic surgery is being more widely recognized as something other than a vanity-based decision for patients. As part of the newer generation of plastic surgeons, Dr. Farber not only has the skills, training, and techniques to provide excellent care to every patient, but he also has this modern perspective of cosmetic procedures he knows that improving your appearance through plastic surgery gives you a fresh outlook on life. He understands the deeper purpose of your decision to make subtle changes to your skin, face, and body, changes that mean much more to you than simply looking better, and he is excited about being a partner in your journey toward a more fulfilling and satisfying life.

Black ink is the easiest to remove with laser treatments because it absorbs all types of lasers, so other colors require an in-depth understanding of which laser wavelengths work best on each color. For this reason, you should trust your laser tattoo removal only to an experienced and qualified plastic surgeon, such as Dr. Farber.

Laser tattoo removal typically requires several treatments for best results, and the procedure is not covered by medical insurance. You can apply for financing and even be pre-approved before your first appointment. Farber Plastic Surgery also offers consultations with Dr. Farber.

An ice pack is applied immediately after treatment, and Dr. Farber may prescribe a topical antibiotic. A dressing is applied to protect the area while it heals, and once the dressing is removed, you should protect the area with sunscreen while outdoors.

If you have been considering tattoo removal, the first step is to schedule a consultation in our Boca Raton office with Dr. Farber. This will give Dr. Farber the opportunity to understand your concerns and expectations. We encourage you to take the first step toward feeling more attractive, confident, and desirable. We look forward to hearing from you.

Scott T. Farber, MD, FACS, voted one of the top plastic surgeons among 870,000 doctors, performs a wide array of procedures to enhance ones beauty, including breast augmentation, tummy tucks,liposuction, and other procedures for the face, breasts,and body for the residents of Boca Raton, Fort Lauderdale, and all of South Florida. He recognizes that each patient has unique requirements and desires. If you are seeking plastic surgery, reconstructive surgery, or skin rejuvenation, Dr. Farber and his professional team will accommodate your needs! Please call 561-829-5114 today to schedule your initial consultation!

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Lesson 6: Types, Shadows, and Symbols of Jesus the Christ03.01.19

2Nephi 11:4; Moses 6:63Scriptural symbols of Christ

Show several pictures of well-known signs or symbols such as the following:

After students identify the meaning of each sign, ask them for examples of other easily recognized signs or symbols.

Divide students into pairs. Invite each pair to study and compare 2Nephi 11:4 and Moses 6:63. Ask them to discuss what these passages have in common and what they teach about Jesus Christ and the purpose of Gods creations. After the pairs have discussed their findings, ask the class:

How would you state a central truth recorded in these scripture passages? (Students should identify the following truth: All things were created to testify of Jesus Christ.)

What are some examples of things that have been given of God that are the typifying of (2Nephi 11:4), or symbolic of, Jesus Christ?

Tell students that all scriptures contain types, shadows, symbols, and similitudes of Jesus Christ. Explain that types, shadows, symbols, and similitudes are representations of greater realities. For example, the Liahona described in the Book of Mormon is a representation of the words of Christ. In this portion of the lesson, we will focus on types and imagery found in the Old Testament. Much of this imagery is in the form of people, objects, events, and circumstances (it might be helpful to write these categories on the board). Copy the following list of scripture references on the board, or provide it to students on a handout:

Old Testament Types, Shadows, and Symbols of Christ

Fulfillment in the Life of Christ

Genesis 22:114

John 3:16; 19:1618; Jacob 4:45

Exodus 3:78, 1012

Matthew 1:21; 2Nephi 6:17

Exodus 12:3, 57, 1314, 46

John 1:29; 19:14, 3136; 1Peter 1:1819

Exodus 16:1415, 18

John 6:510, 4851

Leviticus 8:15, 30; 17:11

Hebrews 9:22; 13:12

Leviticus 16:26, 17

Hebrews 9:612; 10:1112

Leviticus 22:1922

Hebrews 9:14; Doctrine and Covenants 20:22

Numbers 21:49

John 3:1415; Helaman 8:1315

Jonah 1:17; 2:10

Matthew 12:3840

Assign one or more students to study each set of scripture passages and to prepare to explain the Old Testament symbolism and how it points to Jesus Christ. After sufficient time, ask students to report what they discovered.

If time permits, consider also discussing some of the symbols of Christ identified by Elder RussellM. Nelson of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles in his article In This Holy Land (Tambuli, Feb. 1991, 1019).

As a class, discuss the following questions:

Why do you think all things have been created to represent or to symbolize the Savior?

What is the value of continually seeking to discover how all things testify of Jesus Christ? (Make sure students understand the following principle: We can learn more about Jesus Christ as we come to recognize the imagery, types, and symbols that testify of Him.)

How has something that symbolizes the Savior strengthened your faith in Him?

What could you do to recognize Christ in the symbols we have been given?

Explain that this segment of the lesson will focus on a different aspect of the gospel of Jesus Christ that contains symbols and images of Christ. Invite students to search 2Nephi 11:26, looking for those things that Nephi took delight in. You may want to suggest that they mark what they find.

Point out the phrase the covenants of the Lord in verse5. Explain that covenants and ordinances are an important part of Jesus Christs everlasting gospel. There are many elements of covenants and ordinances that are symbolic and teach about and lead us to Jesus Christ. Display the following statement by Elder BruceR. McConkie (191585) of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, and ask a student to read it aloud:

Every divine ordinance or performance ordained of God, every sacrifice, symbolism, and similitude; all that God ever gave to his peopleall was ordained and established in such a way as to testify of his Son and center the faith of believing people in him and in the redemption he was foreordained to make (The Promised Messiah: The First Coming of Christ [1978],28).

What is a doctrine or principle taught in this statement? (One possible answer is that we will see symbols of Christ in gospel ordinances if we look for them.)

How can this knowledge be helpful as we participate in gospel ordinances?

Invite students to study Romans 6:36 and 3Nephi 18:7, 11 silently, looking for symbols that refer to the Savior. Then ask:

To help students feel the truth and importance of learning to recognize types and symbols of Christ, ask questions like the following:

What is a symbol of the Savior that has great meaning to you?

How do you ensure that you notice this symbol?

How has seeing this as a symbol of Christ blessed your life?

Invite students to apply the principles in this lesson by inviting them to write down how they can better recognize types, shadows, and symbols of the Savior in the scriptures, in the ordinances of the gospel, and in their daily lives. Encourage them to select a day in the near future on which they will consciously look for images, objects, or events that remind them of the Savior. Encourage them to keep a list of what they find and to share their list with a family member or friend or perhaps through social media.

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President Thomas S. Monson03.01.19

President Thomas S. Monson, who served as President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints beginning in February 2008, as a counselor in the First Presidency from 1985 to 2008, and as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles from 1963 to 1985, passed away on January 2, 2018. President Monson, 90, died at his home at 10:01 p.m. surrounded by his family, according to Church spokesperson Eric Hawkins. He was preceded in death by his wife, Frances, who passed away in 2013. They are the parents of three children.

The emergency-room patient seemed ready to be released, but a Salt Lake City doctor and his staff felt hesitant. While the mans treatment and recovery appeared complete, his unkempt appearance and unstable living conditions raised concerns. Do you have any family members, any friends that could help you follow through with your treatment? asked the doctor. Not really, the patient responded, until a recollection surfaced: Actually, I do have a friend who takes care of me sometimes. His name is Tom Monson.2

President Thomas S. Monson gives his signature wave following a session of the April 2013 general conference.

President Thomas Spencer Monson was a special friend of the underdog and of the down-and-outers, as one longtime friend put it.3 During his entire life, including more than three decades of intense responsibilities as a member of the First Presidency, he made personal visits to elderly friends and strangers an enormous priority and, when prompted by the Spirit, even took time out of important meetings to offer priesthood blessings to sick children. When he attended professional sporting events, instead of inviting prominent associates or public officials to attend with him, he brought friends from his growing-up years in a humble neighborhood. He attended every West High School reunion wearing his Tom Monson name badge. This same Thomas Monson, according to one of his sons, was completely non-discriminatory as to an individuals public status, persona, or other distinguishing accomplishments: a humble friend from 50 years previous would receive the sameor moreattention as a governor, senator, or prominent businessman.4

President Thomas S. Monson. Photo by Tom Smart, Deseret News.

People of high station and low, along with millions of friends and followers both in and out of the Church, lost a loyal friend with the passing of the 16th President of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Maintaining that I have always needed the help of the Lord, and I have always asked for it,5 President Monson left behind an administration marked by an outreach to the world at large through humanitarian aid, Church web pages that created greater transparency and helped members understand complex issues, public relations campaigns aimed at helping the world understand the Church, and a flurry of innovations aimed at furthering the work of salvation. Among these were lowering the age at which young men and young women could serve full-time missions, an expansion of the ways that missionaries could reach out to others (including the use of technology), and online forums bringing Church leaders and members together in virtual face-to-face discussions. During his tenure a new Church handbook was produced that emphasized Christian discipleship. Family history work was simplified, making it easier to research and submit names to the temple for proxy baptisms and other ordinances of salvation.

President Thomas S. Monson leans over to shake hands with a boy after a session of the October 2013 general conference. Photo by August Miller, Deseret News.

Despite his many significant accomplishments, few would dispute that President Monsons most important legacy consists of his powerful personal example. One of his favorite scriptures, found in Acts 10:38, describes Jesus of Nazareth as someone who went about doing good. President Monson could always be found doing good in ways the Savior exhorted us to: giving food to the hungry, taking in the stranger, clothing the naked, visiting the sick, and entering the prisons of loneliness and despair that often encage the desolate (see Matthew 25:3440). His humanitarianism, emphasis on people over programs, and dedication to following the Spirit led one reporter who covered President Monson for decades to write, I have met few people who make such great effort to lift and bring comfort, consolation and cheer to others.6 A lifetime filled with family, hardship, opportunity, and, of course, service helped create ThomasS. Monsons exemplary Christlike legacy of personal ministry.

On the corner of 500 South and 200 West, not far from the railroad tracks running through Salt Lake City, George Spencer and Gladys Condie Monson raised a family through the Great Depression surrounded by Gladyss relatives, descendants of pioneers from Scotland. Georges grandparents had joined the Church in Sweden and England before emigrating to America and settling in Salt Lake City. On August 21, 1927, the first son and second child of George and Gladys was born, Thomas Spencer Monson, named after his maternal grandfather, Thomas Sharp Condie, and his father.

George Spencer and Gladys Condie Monson, parents of Thomas S. Monson.

Surrounded by family, the Monsons extended their love to many others as well. Visits from hungry transients passing through town were not uncommon in the neighborhood, and Gladys Monson received and fed them as though each had been an invited guest, President Monson later recalled.7 She also sent weekly Sunday dinners to Old Bob down the street, who regularly offered Tom a dime for the delivery. I cant accept the money, Tom thoughtfully replied. My mother would tan my hide.8 On Sundays, Toms father would sometimes carry Uncle Elias, his brother crippled from arthritis, to his 1928 Oldsmobile, with Tom in tow, and drive him around the city.

During this period of my life I was much impressed by the actions of my mother and father, President Monson observed. It didnt dawn on me that they rarely attended church.9 He also recalled an ambience of tolerance and goodwill: I never heard my father speak a negative word toward another person. In fact, he would not remain in the room if anyone were speaking disrespectfully or negatively toward another person.10

Not surprisingly, these attitudes and actions started rubbing off on Tom. Overjoyed one Christmas to receive an electric train set, he nevertheless begged his mother forand receivedan additional car from a less-impressive train set meant as a gift for a widows son down the street. Later, when Tom and his mother delivered the gift and Tom saw the boys exuberance over the meager train set, pangs of guilt set in. He ran back home to retrieve not only the car he had taken from the set, but also one of his own.11 Tom later offered his two pet rabbits for Christmas dinner to a friends family who had never tasted turkey or chicken.12 And when a woman took issue with Tom and his buddies hitting baseballs into her yard during their neighborhood games (she often snatched the baseballs and kept them), Tom decided to defuse the situation. Without a word passing between them, he regularly watered her yard in the summer and raked leaves from her lawn in the fall. Then one day she invited him in for milk and cookiesand handed over a boxful of baseballs.13

Still, President Monson frequently acknowledged that his boyhood good deeds coexisted with a mischievous streak that sometimes led to a scolding. He and a cousin once collected neighbors stray dogs and put them into a backyard coal shed, six of which overran Toms father when he went to open the door.14 One afternoon a Primary president pulled Tom aside and said she was saddened by the rowdy behavior of many of the boys in Primary opening exercises. Tom offered to help. The Primarys disciplinary problems, he recalled, ceased that moment.15 Still, temptations persisted. He once convinced a friend to skip out on an afternoon Primary class with him. They would make their escape right after Tom took a penny from his pocket and dropped it in the donation box for Primary Childrens Hospital. They would then use a dime he had in his pocket to go to Hatch Dairy for Fudgsicles. The plan went awry, however, when the boys discovered Tom had inadvertently donated the dime instead of the penny. So both returned, where Tom dejectedly donated the penny as well. For a long while, he later said, I felt that I, perhaps, had the most substantial investment in the Primary Childrens Hospital.16

A young Tom Monson rides a tricycle in front of his childhood home.

Frequent visits to a family cabin in Provo Canyon initiated a lifelong love of duck hunting, camping, fishing, and swimming in the river; once Tom even rescued a girl swept into dangerous whirlpools.17 He told of one experience when he and a friend unwisely set fire to some weeds near the family cabin. As always, he used the story as a framework to share an important gospel principle.18

Thomas S. Monsonpictured on the left as a 13-year-old boy in Vivian Park and on the right with his son Clark on July 19, 1971had a lifelong love for the outdoors.

Visits several times a week down the street from his Salt Lake City home to the Chapman public library initiated a love of books and writers, which later enabled him to quote at length from favorite poets such as Wordsworth, Longfellow, Bryant, Tennyson, and Shakespeare.19

One particular interest, raising pigeons, which was developed in youth and continued through adulthood, taught young Tom a lesson in stewardship when an Aaronic Priesthood quorum adviser gave him a pigeon that continually returned to the advisers home, thus creating a weekly priesthood interview opportunity with the boy.20 However, it was a beloved Sunday School teacher, Lucy Gertsch, whom Tom credited with giving him a foundation for his testimony of Jesus Christ. Her love for a class with rowdy boys transformed their unruly behavior as they listened to Sister Gertschs Spirit-filled lessons on the Bible.21

The economic constraints of the Great Depression forced Tom at age 12 to begin working for his father, who managed a printing company.22 The shadow of World WarII, however, loomed larger than even the Depression as Tom made his way through high school. Each young man knew that if [the war] continued, he would be in the military, President Monson said of his teenage years.23 An excellent student with a love of history, he enrolled at the University of Utah at age 17.24 He seriously considered becoming a history teacher, but instead pursued a business degree, while also enjoying institute of religion classes taught by Dr. Lowell Bennion and Dr. T. Edgar Lyon.25

A good student, Tom Monson enrolled at the University of Utah at age 17 after graduating from West High School in Salt Lake City, Utah.

While at the university he met the love of his life. After being introduced to Frances Johnson at a Hello Day dance, Tom subsequently called on her. He later reflected that I was not prepared for the dignity and quiet which prevailed [in her home], comparing his more boisterous home with that of the Johnsons.26 Francess father noticed the Monson name and, with tears in his eyes, hugged Tom after the two realized that Toms great-uncle Elias had introduced the Johnson family to the gospel in Sweden.27 Both Tom and Frances loved big bands and frequented dances with band leaders such as Tommy Dorsey and Glenn Miller.28

In 1945, Tom joined the U.S. Naval Reserve. During the first three weeks of boot camp, he later jokingly said, I was convinced my life was in jeopardy. The navy wasnt trying to train me; it was trying to kill me. But spiritual experiences accompanied the hard times. After a chief petty officer lined up everybody one Sunday and directed the Catholics, Jews, and Protestants to their meeting places, he approached Tom and asked, And just what do you guys call yourselves?

Tom Monson joined the U.S. Naval Reserve in 1945.

Until that very moment, President Monson later recalled, I had not realized that anyone was standing beside me or behind me on the drill ground. Almost in unison, each of us replied, Mormons!29

One night just before Christmas, Toms LDS friend Leland Merrill, who was in the adjoining barracks bunk, began groaning in pain. In desperation, he whispered, Monson, Monson, arent you an elder? and asked for a priesthood blessingwhich Tom had never before performed. Praying quietly for help, Tom received an answer: Look in the bottom of the sea bag, where at 2:00 a.m. he found a missionary handbook, which gave instructions on how to bless the sick. With about 60 curious sailors looking on, I proceeded with the blessing, he later said. Before I could stow my gear, Leland Merrill was sleeping like a child.30 Tom also learned from others during military service and admired a young Catholic man who knelt to pray every night when we Mormon boys would pray while lying on our bunks.31

Tom served for a year and returned home to graduate with honors from the University of Utah, going on to work as an advertising executive for the Church-owned Deseret News. Several months after graduating, he married Frances Johnson in the Salt Lake Temple on October 7, 1948. I learned quite early to stand on my own feet, Sister Monson said of their early years together.32 Almost immediately, the Lord asked young Brother and Sister Monson to begin their tireless participation in building the kingdom of God.

Tom Monson married Frances Johnson in the Salt Lake Temple on October 7, 1948.

In May 1950, Tom and Francess bishop, John R. Burt, was called to the stake presidency. Asked who should serve as bishop in his stead, Bishop Burt paused for several minutes: I was trying to figure out how to explain to [the stake president] why I thought a 22-year-old kid should replace me as bishop.33 Thus began young ThomasS. Monsons ministry over the Temple View Sixth-Seventh Ward, with its 85 widows and the largest demand for welfare services in the Church at the time. Serving as bishop in this particular ward reinforced and intensified Toms already strong charitable instincts. He visited every widow at Christmastime, bringing gifts of candy, books, or roasting chickens.34 He grew so close to his widows that he made yearly visits to many of them long after being released as bishop, even managing to speak at all 85 funerals during his tenure as a General Authority.35 My inadequacy humbled me, he recalled of the five years he served as bishop; but he was grateful that I developed very young in life a spirit of compassion for others who might be in need, regardless of age or circumstance.36 He ministered to everyone in his ward boundaries, including those of other faiths, and sought out less-active members even when it meant going to a gas station one Sunday morning where he encouraged a young man working in a grease pit to return to his quorum meetings.37

Bishop Monson (center) with the last two of his six counselors: Elwood A. Blank (left) and William M. Larsen (right).

This particular calling also imparted a difficult lesson. While attending a stake leadership meeting, Bishop Monson felt a strong prompting to leave at once to visit an older ward member being treated at the veterans hospital. Unfortunately, the stake president was speaking, so the young bishop impatiently waited until he finished before rushing to the hospital. As he ran to the mans room, a nurse stopped him. She asked, Are you Bishop Monson? and proceeded to tell him that the patient was asking for you just before he died.38 Bishop Monson drove home that night vowing to never again fail to act on a prompting from the Holy Ghost, a commitment reflected over and over again in the remainder of his Church service.

Tom Monson about the time of his call as bishop.

He went on to serve as a counselor in the stake presidency at age 27 and as a mission president in Canada in 1959, at age 31. Missionaries under his guidance remember a leader so in tune with the Spirit that he often followed impressions to visit a missionarys apartment just before the missionary was about to do something wrong.39 He focused on the missionaries by learning all of their names, counseling with them about their problems and concerns, and essentially doing everything he could to prevent early departures and disciplinary councils. By this time, the Monson family had grown to include two young children, Thomas Lee and Ann Frances. A third child, Clark Spencer, was born in Canada. The family enjoyed more time together on this mission assignment than they were accustomed to, and Tom developed a loyalty to Canada still apparent in 2010, when, as President of the Church, he dedicated the Canada Vancouver Temple with a Canadian flag on his lapel and changed the opening song to O Canada.40

Upon returning home to Salt Lake City, Tom became general manager of the Deseret Press, and Frances busied herself with raising children, serving in ward callings, and supporting her husband as he served on various general Church priesthood committees.

Tom Monson, assistant manager of the job press, inspects color images of the Improvement Era made at the Deseret News Press with (left to right) George Veenendaal, foreman; Herman deMik, press operator; Doyle L. Green, managing editor of the magazine; and Louis C. Jacobsen, manager of the job press.

Toms extensive involvement in Church committees such as Adult Correlation, Missionary, or Genealogy, in fact, led him to believe that an invitation to President DavidO. McKays office would somehow be related to his current assignment. It was not. President McKay extended the call to serve as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, replacing Elder N.Eldon Tanner, who had been called as a counselor in the First Presidency. Tom felt so overwhelmed and surprised he couldnt speak. Finally, he assured President McKay that any talent with which I might have been blessed would be extended in the service of the Master in putting my very life on the line if necessary.41

President Monson agreed to keep the sacred call confidential to everyone except his wife and did not sleep at all the night before general conference on October 4, 1963. Upon arriving at conference, he sat among the members of the Priesthood Home Teaching committee on which he served. A friend next to him, Hugh Smith, told him of a strange coincidence: the last two times a General Authority had been called, that man had been sitting next to Hugh.42 After Thomas Monsons name was called, Hugh Smith looked at me and said simply, Lightning has struck for the third time. I believe the walk from the audience to the stand was the longest walk of my life.43

Thomas S. Monson sits in the audience at general conference on October 4, 1963, just before it is announced that he had been called at the age of 36 to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles.

ThomasS. Monson, at age 36, became the youngest man called to the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles since 1910, when Joseph Fielding Smith joined the Quorum at age 33. His service with the Twelve spanned 22 years, from 1963 until his call to the First Presidency under President Ezra Taft Benson in 1985, and included service on every major committee of the Church, frequently as the chair.44 During this time, Church membership evolved from a homogeneous group centered in the western United States into a worldwide, highly diverse global community.45 He was called to the apostleship by President DavidO. McKay but went on to serve under President Joseph Fielding Smith from 1970 to 1972 and then under HaroldB. Lee from 1972 to 1973. It was during President SpencerW. Kimballs tenure, from 1973 to 1985, that President Monson led a scripture publications committee that in 1979 produced a 2,400-page edition of the King James Version of the Bible that included a Topical Guide, Bible Dictionary, and pioneering footnote system. President Monson also participated with President Kimball in the landmark revelation that all worthy male members would receive the priesthood.46

Elder Thomas S. Monson sits next to Elder Gordon B. Hinckley, Elder Howard W. Hunter, and Elder Richard L. Evans. Elder Ezra Taft Benson stands at the pulpit during general conference.

But to members confined behind the Iron Curtain throughout the postWorld War II years, President Monsons greatest accomplishment as a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles was his overseeing of the Eastern European Saints. The actual blessings he brought to our country and to Europe, observed German First Presidency member DieterF. Uchtdorf, are so real and so significant and so singular in their value that I really believe that the Lord had prepared him to be an instrument in changing the history of Germany.47 The Communist government of the German Democratic Republic severely repressed religious observance, yet Church members continued faithful despite discrimination, loss of job and educational opportunities, and frequent surveillance as they met together. President Monson visited them frequently, once studying the entire Church handbook with the intent of retyping the entire book after crossing into East Germany, because Church materials were not allowed to be taken into the country. He went to a branch office and started this task, and after several pages he glanced around and discovered a copy of the handbook on a shelf behind him.48 He worked tirelessly with East German officials to allow at least a few Saints to attend general conference and to visit the temple outside the country, but still East German Saints yearned for opportunities akin to those of other members around the world.

Then, in 1978, President Kimball promised President Monson that the Lord will not deny temple blessings to those worthy [East German] members and added with a smile, You find the way.49 As President Monson and East German Church leader Henry Burkhardt continued to petition the government for permission for six couples at a time to visit the Swiss Temple, they received an astounding suggestion from government leaders: Why dont you build a temple here? In October 1982, the First Presidency announced that a temple would be built in Freiberg, German Democratic Republic, the first temple ever constructed in a Communist country. This announcement was almost as inconceivable as the miraculous agreement President Monson, then-Elder RussellM. Nelson of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, and East German Church leaders later made with government officials and head of state Erich Honecker to allow missionaries to enter and leave the country before the collapse of the Berlin Wall.50 I am a living witness, wrote President Monson, of how the hand of the Lord has been made manifest in watching over the members of the Church in what once were Communist-ruled countries.51

In front of the Freiberg Germany Temple, dedicated in 1985. From right: Elder Thomas S. Monson with his wife, Frances; Elder Robert D. Hales with his wife, Mary; Elder Joseph B. Wirthlin with his wife, Elisa; Emil Fetzer.

Yet, amidst world-changing events and overwhelming administrative duties, President Monsons ministry continued to focus on the promptings of the Holy Ghost and on reaching out to the one. After offering a blessing to a friend in a veterans’ hospital, President Monson felt he had accomplished more good in that visit than in a week of meetings at Church headquarters.52 Stories abound of detours taken from General Authority duties as President Monson retreated to hospital rooms, nursing homes, and solitary bedsides to visit the sick and the lonely waiting for him. When stake meeting schedules in Shreveport, Louisiana, wouldnt allow President Monson time to visit a terminally ill girl who had asked for a blessing from him, he was nevertheless prepared when, during the Saturday evening leadership session, I heard a voice speak to my spirit, he said. The message was brief, the words familiar: Suffer the little children to come unto me, and forbid them not: for of such is the kingdom of God (Mark 10:14).53 He made the 80-mile (129 km) trip to Christal Methvins home the next morning, blessing her in a Spirit-filled family gathering before she died four days later.

When meeting with impoverished East German members, President Monson would give away his suits, shoes, calculator, and even a set of marked scriptures.54 And he never forgot his fellow members from the Sixth-Seventh Ward, watching out for aging and low-income friends like Ed Erickson, whom President Monson invited to family gatherings and birthday celebrations. In a 2009 talk, he taught: Have the courage to refrain from judging and criticizing those around you, as well as the courage to make certain everyone is included and feels loved and valued.55

President Monsons honesty and friendliness engendered bridge-building and goodwill for the Church among various religions, civic organizations, and community leaders. He had grown up in a diverse neighborhood, felt close to relatives of different faiths, and genuinely professed, I think there are good people everywhere.56 He mingled readily with others, many of whom are not necessarily members of the Church, he observed, but are community spirited and civic minded individuals.57 Community leaders like one former publisher of the Salt Lake Tribune, a Catholic, voiced their appreciation: If hes ever met you, Tom Monson is your friend. The Church gave this community special unification through friendship when it elevated Tom Monson to the First Presidency.58 A Salt Lake community advocate once observed, I dont know if people know how much the LDS Church gets involved with the nonprofit world. President Monson is very aware of what the needs are.59 Another faith leader wrote to President Monson: You always open your heart to meet the needs and requests of the Salvation Army. Certainly you and your associates have overwhelmed us with your warmth and gracious spirits.60 He attended and spoke at activities held in conjunction with the 1993 dedication services of the restored Cathedral of the Madeleine in Salt Lake City and also spoke at Catholic funerals for close friends.61

President and Sister Monson meet with Bishop George H. Niederauer of the Catholic Diocese of Salt Lake City at the Cathedral of the Madeleine.

Hobbies like pigeon-raising offered respite from the pressures of President Monsons duties and inspired his great-grandchildren to call him Grandpa Birdie. His passion for raising pigeons was reflected in a merit badge on pigeon-raising offered by the Boy Scouts of America for a time. His service on the Scouts National Executive Board began in 1969 and continued through the years as he received the Silver Beaver Award, the Silver Buffalo Award, and international Scoutings highest award, the Bronze Wolf, in 1993. However, one former chief Scout executive, Roy Williams, joked that President Monson couldnt quite get over the Scouts decision to abandon a pigeon-raising merit badge.62

Hobbies like pigeon-raising offered respite from the pressures of President Monsons duties and inspired his great-grandchildren to call him Grandpa Birdie.

President Monsons interests ranged broadly. While a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, he earned a masters degree in business administration, and throughout his travels he liked to visit military cemeterieshallowed places that evoke, he said, thoughts of shattered dreams, unfulfilled hopes, grief-filled hearts and lives cut short by the sharp scythe of war.63 He loved to study about World War II and, on a lighter note, relished Perry Mason reruns on television at night, though he sometimes fell asleep and missed the ending.64 He was fond, too, of musicals. I am what my wife, Frances, calls a show-a-holic, he once told a general conference audience.65 He also enjoyed his share of New Years Day football games in which I can start out neutral watching two football teams, but within minutes I have selected the team which I think ought to win.66 He could talk about chickens for an entire flight with a seatmate and, at a Boy Scouts of America prayer breakfast at the White House in 1989, found a shared love of English springer spaniels with United States president George Bush.67

His deepest interest, of course, was his family, which grew to include 8 grandchildren and 12 great-grandchildren. While his time at home was limited, his children remember playing games, fishing, duck hunting, weeding gardens, going to movies, swimming, and sleigh riding with their father.68 Two particular memories stand out for son Tom: playing checkers as a young boy with his father and having his father fly to Louisville, Kentucky, to give him a blessing because he had contracted pneumonia during military basic training.69 Daughter Ann enjoyed the Sunday evening reports her father shared with the family after returning from Church assignments. And Clark especially cherished the day his father drove 40 miles (64 km) out of his way so that he and Clark could examine a hawks nest near Randolph, Utah.70 President Monson relished mowing the lawn and participating in family Ping-Pong tournaments in the basement of their home.71

Thomas S. Monson with his wife, Frances, and their children, Tom, Ann, and Clark.

ThomasS. Monson served for 22 years in the First Presidency, starting in 1985 as Second Counselor to President Ezra Taft Benson and then continuing in that role with President HowardW. Hunter in 1994. Thirteen of those years, from 1995 to 2008, were at the side of President GordonB. Hinckley, who called President Monson to be his First Counselor.72 President Monsons tenure in the First Presidency drew on his varied background in Church administration and left him with a heavy workload that made it difficult to leave the office. President Hinckley became the most traveled President in Church history, and this particular administration kept extremely busy. Smaller temples enabled the pace of temple building to rapidly increase; an enormous new Church Conference Center was constructed to enable thousands of members to attend general conference and other functions; worldwide training meetings via satellite broadcast began; and a Day of Celebration in Rice-Eccles Stadium at the University of Utah commemorated the 200th birthday of the Prophet Joseph Smith, with 42,000 youth from Salt Lake Valley and Wyoming performing.73

President Ezra Taft Benson with counselors Gordon B. Hinckley and Thomas S. Monson in 1986.

As always, though, in the words of Elder RonaldA. Rasband of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, President Monson was never too busy for people,74 and in the winter of 2000, one person he took time out for was his wife. After she suffered a severe fall, he spent several weeks taking his paperwork to her hospital room until, finally, Frances became alert enough to voice her first words: I forgot to mail the quarterly tax payment.75 Another recipient of his kindness was Church News reporter Gerry Avant, who frequently covered President Monsons travels and was once invited to some sightseeing with the Monsons because, as President Monson told her, youve been working hard.76

President GordonB. Hinckley died on January 27, 2008. The First Presidency was dissolved and President Monson returned to his position as President of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles. The man who grew up near the railroad tracks, instigated mischievous childhood antics in Primary, and willingly shared his meager belongings even during the Great Depression would soon become the leader of millions of Latter-day Saints worldwide. Ive never speculated on what might lie down the road for anything in my life, he said in an interview shortly before he was to be sustained as President of the Church in a solemn assembly during the April 2008 general conference. I didnt know but what President Hinckley would outlive me. He said, Ive always followed the philosophy, Serve where youre called, not where youve been or where you might be. Serve where youre called.77

ThomasS. Monson was set apart and ordained as the 16th President of the Church on February 3, 2008, choosing President HenryB. Eyring to serve as his First Counselor. For his Second Counselor, he chose President DieterF. Uchtdorf, a multilingual German convert to the Church and a member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles since 2004. The new First Presidency symbolized the global nature of the expanding Church.78 At a press conference on February 4, 2008, President Monson told reporters, As a Church we reach out not only to our own people, but also to those people of goodwill throughout the world in that spirit of brotherhood which comes from the Lord Jesus Christ.79

The First Presidency of the Church is announced at a news conference on February 4, 2008: President Thomas S. Monson; President Henry B. Eyring, First Counselor; and President Dieter F. Uchtdorf, Second Counselor.

This spirit of brotherhood and reaching out to others became hallmarks of President Monsons administration. Church leaders worked regularly with Catholics, Evangelical Christians, and other religious and community groups in supporting moral causes such as traditional marriage. Church leaders invited other faith leaders to speak at LDS campuses and bolstered support for religious freedom with online resources.80 President Monson and members of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles also encouraged Church members to reach out to other faiths in service and community building and enhanced already existing humanitarian connections with other institutions to relieve the staggering needs of people affected by natural and man-made disasters worldwide. During the first five years of President Monsons tenure, the Church contributed to relief efforts in the aftermath of earthquakes in Haiti and Nepal, a Japanese tsunami, and floods in Thailand. It also offered help in immunizing people in underdeveloped countries, providing clean water to remote villages, easing food crises internationally, and offering disaster relief in the United States.This global aid and influence was noted by, which in 2009 ranked President Monson first in a list of the 80 most powerful octogenarians in America.81

Also under President Monsons leadership, Church public relations began an outreach to help others better understand the diversity of Latter-day Saints. The Im a Mormon campaign featured Latter-day Saints who worked for such diverse organizations as Harley Davidson, the Library of Congress, and rock bands. Church headquarters also launched websites for youth and others, and the Church-owned BYUtv channel and website began producing high-quality programs to appeal to a wider audience. On the Churchs website, a series of high-quality videos began appearing, showing scenes from the New Testament that could be appreciated by people of many faiths. Other online resources included the publication of several Gospel Topics essays, designed to address complex issues in a straightforward and scholarly manner, and the website Mormon and Gay, providing relevant Church teachings and featuring personal stories from gay Latter-day Saints and their families.

Perhaps the most substantial changes that transpired during President Monsons tenure, however, took place in historic administrative developments. Significant changes impacted the way the Church leads, functions, teaches, and proselytes. In 2009, the Church distributed a DVD and pamphlet on welfare principles and in 2010 released a new handbook of instructions for Church leaders, accompanied by two worldwide training broadcasts. The new handbook stressed working in councils through open and honest discussions, alleviating the load of the bishop through delegation, and, most important, helping Church members become true disciples of Jesus Christ. Also in 2010, international training by members of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles began implementing priesthood leadership conferences and area reviews that included a comprehensive overview of humanitarian service, welfare needs, missionary work, and temple work.

President Thomas S. Monson speaks at Brigham Young University in Provo, Utah, on November 1, 2011. Photo by Ravell Call.

One of the most dramatic developments to occur under President Monsons direction was announced in the October 2012 general conference when President Monson declared that men could begin serving full-time missions at age 18 and women at 19. This unprecedented policy change lowering age requirements Churchwide generated an eagerness for missionary work that resulted in historically high numbers of men and especially women serving full-time missions. The creation of new missionary training centers and new missions accompanied the rising number of missionaries, which reached 85,000 at the end of 2014. Members became part of the hastening of the work (see D&C 88:73) as well, better preparing sons and daughters for missions within the home and participating more fully in their local missionary programs. Technology and online proselyting, as well as the creation of sister training leadersa leadership role for sister missionariesalso added to the exhilarating sense of progress and innovation that the mission-age-change announcement created.

Enabling young women to serve missions at younger ages dovetailed with an ongoing effort during President Monsons tenure to better involve women in leadership roles, decision making, and ward and stake council participation. To better help Latter-day Saint women and men appreciate the crucial role sisters have played in the gospel in every dispensationespecially during the Saviors ministry and during the Restoration period from 1830 to the presentthe Church published Daughters in My Kingdom and encouraged its use in the home, in Relief Society and Young Women, and in quorums. In 2014, the general womens session of general conference replaced the general Relief Society and Young Women meetings, with all females ages 8 and older invited to attend this twice-a-year meeting.

Better and more interactive teaching methods, especially in helping youth become full participants in the gospel, also became a priority of President Monsons administrative innovations. The 2013 implementation of Come, Follow Me, a youth curriculum designed to bless the youth in their efforts to become fully converted to the gospel of Jesus Christ,82 offered teachers and youth alike better ways to teach as Jesus Christ did. It used online resources, youth participation, and Spirit-inspired discussions in building faith and gospel understanding. Similar efforts to improve all teaching in the Church came in 2016 with the new resource Teaching in the Saviors Way and the introduction of monthly teacher council meetings in wards and branches.

Also during President Monsons administration, announcements of new temples to be built throughout the world continued. Temple dedications and rededications saw President Monson traveling to locales around the globe, including Cebu City, Philippines; Curitiba, Brazil; Kyiv, Ukraine; Panama City, Panama; and Kansas City, Missouri. In 2013, the introduction of online resources to help members find their ancestors resulted in an 11 percent increase in family names submitted by members for temple ordinances in what was called a banner year for family history.83

President Thomas S. Monson at the cornerstone ceremony of the Twin Falls Idaho Temple on August 24, 2008. Photo by Scott G. Winterton, Deseret News.

Despite the heavy demands on his time, however, President Monson remained Thomas Monson, the Church leader who, in the words of Elder JeffreyR. Holland of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles, will show up, probably unannounced, at the funeral of a rank-and-file employee. I cant think of anything that exemplifies more the ministry of President Monson than that kind of individualized attention.84

On May 23, 2013, he presided at the funeral of his own beloved wife, Frances, after she passed away on May 17 in a Salt Lake hospital. She has been supportive from the day we married, said President Monson at the services, calling her the ideal wife and mother.85 He fulfilled the remainder of his presidency as a widower, often accompanied to special events by his daughter, Ann.

During President Monsons tenure, improved Sabbath day observance was emphasized as a means of increasing faith in Heavenly Father and Jesus Christ. Beginning in 2015, a coordinated and sustained effort at all levels of the Church and in the home urged members to make the Sabbath a delight (see Isaiah 58:13) by focusing on the Lord and their covenants with Him in order to reap the blessings promised to the faithful.

President Monson also continued to remain aware of those estranged from the Church and never treated them as unfit for the kingdom. When an older man who had not been involved in the Church for 20 years came to a General Authority for advice on coming back, he pulled out the letter that had motivated his own desire to return: You have been long enough away, and it is time to come back. Tom.86 According to President Monson, I find there is a little bit of sainthood in everybody, and I look for it.87

Even as President of the Church, he maintained his sense of comradeship with others, said Elder L.Tom Perry (19222015): Hell talk about the BYU game or the Jazz [basketball team]; hes a great sports fan. And then hell get down to business.88 And he always maintained his sense of humor. At a 2009 gathering with the members of the Mormon Tabernacle Choir, he sat down at the gigantic organ and offered up his rendition of To a Birthday Party from a beginners piano book.89 In 2013, the Church celebrated its 100 Years of Scouting with a program that also paid homage to President Monsons lifelong support of Scoutingjust one of many interests that kept him connected to his fellow beings, whom he loved to comfort and make happier, inviting all Scouters, regardless of religious affiliation, to participate.

Boy Scouts of America National President Wayne Perry announces President Thomas S. Monson as the recipient of the Honor Medal on October 29, 2013. Photo by Scott Winterton, Deseret News.

Feeling the nudge of the Lord, the promptings, President Monson said in a 1997 interview, brought him the most joy, especially in situations like the one in which he had visited his father in the hospital and, rushing afterward to get to his next meeting, felt he should nevertheless wait near the elevator. A family asked him to offer a blessing to their mother, who was struggling between life and death, and he agreed. Later that day, he received word that each family member had kissed the mother and said a peaceful good-bye after the blessing and before she died.90

Ive had that happen to me all through my life to the extent that I try to keep the antennae up, President Monson observed. And countless individualssome of whose stories have been told, but many more whose encounters with Thomas Monson remain unknowncan attest to this remarkable mans connection with the divine. You develop an appreciation that Heavenly Father knows who you are, reflected President Monson. He says, Here, go do this for me. I always thank Him.91

And his witness to the world was unfailing. With all my heart and the fervency of my soul, said President Monson, I lift up my voice in testimony as a special witness and declare that God does live. Jesus is His Son, the Only Begotten of the Father in the flesh. He is our Redeemer; He is our Mediator with the Father. He it was who died on the cross to atone for our sins. He became the firstfruits of the Resurrection. Because He died, all shall live again. Oh, sweet the joy this sentence gives: I know that my Redeemer lives! [Hymns, no. 136]. May the whole world know it and live by that knowledge.92

The following teachings are from President Monsons ministry as President of the Church and are arranged chronologically.

Following Promptings: The sweetest experience I know in life is to feel a prompting and act upon it and later find out that it was the fulfillment of someones prayer or someones need. And I always want the Lord to know that if He needs an errand run, Tom Monson will run that errand for Him (On the Lords Errand [DVD, 2008]).

Receiving Divine Help: Remember that this work is not yours and mine alone. It is the Lords work, and when we are on the Lords errand, we are entitled to the Lords help (To Learn, to Do, to Be, Ensign or Liahona, Nov. 2008, 62).

Love for Others: What is most important almost always involves the people around us. Often we assume that they must know how much we love them. But we should never assume; we should let them know (Finding Joy in the Journey, Ensign or Liahona, Nov. 2008, 86).

Service: Unless we lose ourselves in service to others, there is little purpose to our own lives. Those who live only for themselves eventually shrivel up and figuratively lose their lives, while those who lose themselves in service to others grow and flourishand in effect save their lives (What Have I Done for Someone Today? Ensign or Liahona, Nov. 2009, 85).

Marriage: Choose a companion carefully and prayerfully; and when you are married, be fiercely loyal one to another. Priceless advice comes from a small framed plaque I once saw in the home of an uncle and aunt. It read, Choose your love; love your choice (Priesthood Power, Ensign or Liahona, May 2011, 68).

Temple Blessings: Until you have entered the house of the Lord and have received all the blessings which await you there, you have not obtained everything the Church has to offer. The all-important and crowning blessings of membership in the Church are those blessings which we receive in the temples of God (The Holy Templea Beacon to the World, Ensign or Liahona, May 2011, 93).

Atonement of Jesus Christ: I believe that none of us can conceive the full import of what Christ did for us in Gethsemane, but I am grateful every day of my life for His atoning sacrifice in our behalf.

At the last moment, He could have turned back. But He did not. He passed beneath all things that He might save all things. In doing so, He gave us life beyond this mortal existence. He reclaimed us from the Fall of Adam.

To the depths of my very soul, I am grateful to Him. He taught us how to live. He taught us how to die. He secured our salvation (At Parting, Ensign or Liahona, May 2011, 114).

Prayer: Our Heavenly Father is aware of our needs and will help us as we call upon Him for assistance. I believe that no concern of ours is too small or insignificant. The Lord is in the details of our lives (Consider the Blessings, Ensign or Liahona, Nov. 2012, 88).

Trials: We know that there are times when we will experience heartbreaking sorrow, when we will grieve, and when we may be tested to our limits. However, such difficulties allow us to change for the better, to rebuild our lives in the way our Heavenly Father teaches us, and to become something different from what we werebetter than we were, more understanding than we were, more empathetic than we were, with stronger testimonies than we had before (I Will Not Fail Thee, nor Forsake Thee, Ensign or Liahona, Nov. 2013, 87).

Gods Love: Your Heavenly Father loves youeach of you. That love never changes. It is not influenced by your appearance, by your possessions, or by the amount of money you have in your bank account. It is not changed by your talents and abilities. It is simply there. It is there for you when you are sad or happy, discouraged or hopeful. Gods love is there for you whether or not you feel you deserve love. It is simply always there (We Never Walk Alone, Ensign or Liahona, Nov. 2013, 12324).

Preparedness: We live in turbulent times. Often the future is unknown; therefore, it behooves us to prepare for uncertainties. When the time for decision arrives, the time for preparation is past (Are We Prepared? Ensign or Liahona, Sept. 2014, 5).

Example: As the world moves further and further away from the principles and guidelines given to us by a loving Heavenly Father, we will stand out from the crowd because we are different. Those things which make us different from most of the world also provide us with that light and that spirit which will shine in an increasingly dark world (Be an Example and a Light, Ensign or Liahona, Nov. 2015, 88).

Choices: May we maintain the courage to defy the consensus. May we ever choose the harder right instead of the easier wrong.

As we contemplate the decisions we make in our lives each daywhether to make this choice or that choiceif we choose Christ, we will have made the correct choice (Choices, Ensign or Liahona, May 2016, 86).

Charity: Let us examine our lives and determine to follow the Saviors example by being kind, loving, and charitable. And as we do so, we will be in a better position to call down the powers of heaven for ourselves, for our families, and for our fellow travelers in this sometimes difficult journey back to our heavenly home (Kindness, Charity, and Love, Ensign or Liahona, May 2017, 67).

The Book of Mormon: I implore each of us to prayerfully study and ponder the Book of Mormon each day. As we do so, we will be in a position to hear the voice of the Spirit, to resist temptation, to overcome doubt and fear, and to receive heavens help in our lives (The Power of the Book of Mormon, Ensign or Liahona, May 2017, 87).

The rest is here:
President Thomas S. Monson

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2,000-year-old Tattooing Needle Made From Cactus Spines …03.01.19

A 2,000-year-old tattooing tool has been discovered in Utahthe oldest artifact of its kind found in the the Western U.S., predating the second oldest by a millennium.

The pen-sized tattooing tool was found by chance by Andrew Gillreath-Brown, a PhD Candidate in the Department of Anthropology at Washington State University. He was carrying out an inventory of archaeological material that had been collecting dust for over 40 years. The collection was excavated in 1972 from the Greater Bears Ears Landscape in southeastern Utah and includes ancient specimens such as hair, paleofeces, bone, charcoal and maize cobs.

While organizing the collection, he noticed a bag with an unusual artifact. It had a wooden handle with plant material wrapped around itand two very small spines attached to the end. When I noticed that the ends were stained black, I got really excited as my mind immediately thought of tattooing, he told Newsweek.

Gillreath-Brown and his colleagues then studied the tool. Their findings, which have now been published in the Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports, conclude that it is an early tattooing tool.

The handle of the tool was made from a skunkbush and the needle was created from two prickly pear cactus spines. These pieces were held together with strips of yucca leaf.

The 2,000-year-old tattooing needle discovered in Utah. Ink can be seen at the end of the cactus spine. Bob Hubner/WSU

Researchers analyzed the tips using an electron microscope, X-ray and spectroscopy, while Gillreath-Brown also created a replica tool and used it to perform tattoo tests on pig skin. Findings showed the pigment on the needles contained carbon, which is commonly used in tattooing. He said the ink was probably made from carbon generated by fire.

Explaining how the tool would have been used, he added: I think it would have hurt some. [Unlike modern tattooing] it would have required repeated poking Prickly pear cactus spines are actually very efficient compared to other cacti for puncturing (shown in a recent study). It also helps that the tattooing would have stayed within two to three millimeters of the outer skin, as if it goes much deeper the pain does increase.

Before this tool was discovered, the oldest tattooing needle found in western North America was an artifact fromAztec Ruins in New Mexico that dates to between 1100 and 1280 A.D.This was made of four cactus spines and the handle was made from reed. The newly discovered tool dates to between 500 B.C. and 500 A.D.

Tattooing is an artform found in cultures worldwide. How, when and why it began is unclearbut there is evidence of its practice going back at least 5,000 years. The earliest known tattoos were found on Otzi the Icemana prehistoric hunter gatherer who was found preserved in a glacier in 1991. Otzi, who died around 3300 B.C., was found to have 61 tattoos, consisting of 19 groups of black lines.

Understanding the cultural practice of tattooing among early inhabitants of southwestern U.S. is particularly difficult as there are no preserved human remains to study, and no written accounts. As a result, the discovery of this tool provides an insight into these ancient people living in Utah 2,000 years ago.

Close-up view of the tattooing tool. Bob Hubner/WSU

It has a great significance for understanding how people managed relationships and how status may have been marked on people in the past during a time when population densities were increasing in the Southwest, Gillreath-Brown said. Tattoos are a permanent marker that individuals would carry with them anywhere they went. This makes it very different from other body decoration and ornamental practices.

Full size tattoo tool. Andrew Gillreath-Brown, Washington State University

Speculating, he said the practice of tattooing probably started at least a few generations before this tool was created, maybe during the Basketmaker II period, which began around 1,500 B.C.

It is important to discover timing and occurrences of prehistoric tattooingi.e. identifying the oldest occurrences of tattoosbecause it allows us to understand the reasons behind body modification, and how that has changed over time, Gillreath-Brown said. This research also sheds light onto the tattoo tools, and the significance of Indigenous traditions that were historically suppressed following European arrival to North America.

Close up of the tattoo tool. Andrew Gillreath-Brown, Washington State University

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2,000-year-old Tattooing Needle Made From Cactus Spines …

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Newark NJ Dermatologist Doctors – Tattoo Removal: Learn …02.24.19

Type of Physician: Dermatologist

What is a Dermatologist? A certification by the Board of Dermatology; practitioners treat pediatric and adult patients with disorders of the skin, mouth, hair and nails as well as a number of sexually transmitted diseases. They also have expertise in the care of normal skin, the prevention of skin diseases and cancers, and in the management of cosmetic disorders of the skin such as hair loss and scars.

Specialty: Dermatology

Common Name: Skin Doctor

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Newark NJ Dermatologist Doctors – Tattoo Removal: Learn …

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Fortnite| How to Draw Gingerbread Skin (Art Tutorial)02.19.19

Learn How to Draw the Gingerbread skin from Fortnite. Grab your paper, ink, pens or pencils and lets get started!I have a large selection of educational online classes for you to enjoy so please subscribe.…

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Tattoo Removal | American Society of Plastic Surgeons02.17.19

Tattoo removal can be achieved in a number of ways, ranging from laser treatments, chemical peels, dermabrasion and surgical excision.

Lasers are the most common method of tattoo removal performed today. Tattoos consist of thousands of particles of tattoo ink suspended in the skin. The normal human immune system typically removes small foreign particles from the skin. Tattoo ink particles are too big to be removed by this system and are thus considered permanent. The use of lasers helps to break up these particles into smaller pieces that can be removed by the immune system.

Laser treatments work by targeting the ink particles in the skin with highly concentrated light waves that heat up the ink particles and cause them to fragment into smaller particles that are able to be cleared away by the body’s immune system.

Complete removal of a tattoo is usually not accomplished in one laser treatment session. Laser tattoo removal typically requires more than one treatment to reduce the size of the ink particles and make it easier for them to be dispersed by the immune system.

Depending on the tattoo design, size and color, it may take 1-10 laser sessions to remove the ink. Some colors of ink are harder to remove than others and may not be able to be completely removed. There should be a six-week time period between each laser session to allow the wounds to heal and the body to absorb as much of the ink as is possible.

Laser tattoo removal is somewhat painful. Many patient describe it as like having a heavy rubber band snapped against the skin repeatedly. Topical skin numbing medications can be used. Most of the time laser tattoo removal is tolerated very well.

After the procedure the patient will have an open wound that will need to be taken care of. Typical post procedure care of the wound includes cleaning it with soap and water daily, applying antibiotic ointment to the wound and then keeping it covered with some type of dressing until it is healed. Typically, healing is complete around five days after the procedure is done.

Other methods of tattoo removal are more invasive than laser removal and are therefore less commonly performed today. These methods include dermabrasion, chemical peels and surgical excision of the tattoo.

Dermabrasion is a surgical method of tattoo removal that involves the use of a medical grinding tool that is used to remove the outer layers of the skin in a controlled manner. The intent is to remove the layers of the skin that contain the ink particles, thereby removing the tattoo.

This procedure is painful and because of this, is typically performed with either a local, regional or even a general anesthetic.

Like laser tattoo removal, a session of dermabrasion will result in an open wound that needs care after the procedure is done. Daily cleaning of the wound with soap and water, application of an antibiotic ointment and covering of the wound with a dressing are what is usually recommended.

The wounds created as a result of dermabrasion typically take longer to heal than those created by laser tattoo removal. These are likely to take somewhere around 10-14 days to heal.

Also, like laser tattoo removal, more than one session of dermabrasion may be necessary to remove a particular tattoo.

Dermabrasion can result in significant scaring and should only be performed by physicians well trained in the proper technique.

Trichloroacetic acid (TCA) peels can also be used to remove tattoos. TCA is a mild acid that is applied to the skin to remove the outer layers of the skin, and with them, the tattoo ink.

This type of procedure may be mildly painful, but typically does not require the use of an anesthetic.

Like the other types of tattoo removal, TCA peels will result in an open wound that will need to be cared for after the procedure is completed. Daily cleaning with soap and water, application of an antibiotic ointment and a dressing are all that is necessary. These wounds will typically heal in approximately 5-7 days.

Tattoos may also be removed by direct surgical excision. This involves simply cutting out the skin that contains the tattoo. This technique is best used for small tattoos and may not be practical for very large tattoos. The skin surrounding the tattoo is then brought together and closed.

This type of tattoo removal will likely require the use of a local, regional or even a general anesthesia depending on the size of the tattoo. A surgical scar will be created by this type of tattoo removal.

Post-procedure bandages should be left in place for 48 hours. Once the bandages are removed and the surgical site should be cleaned daily with soap and water. A dressing may be applied to cover the wound for the first week after surgery.

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